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The use of testicular prostheses in boys.

07:00 EST 1st December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The use of testicular prostheses in boys."

Lack of the testis is an important factor in psycho-sexual development of the boys, and implantation of the prosthesis plays a very essential role in the treatment of that group of patients. Currently there are no standards regarding when prosthesis should be implanted, and which access is connected with minimal rates of complications. We present our experience of primary prosthesis implantations in boys treated in our department.From 2000 to 2014, primary implantation of the testicular prosthesis was performed in 290 boys. The early and late post-operative complications and long-term therapeutic results were analyzed, considering age at the time of implantation, the time between the initial operation and implantation of the prosthesis, and the surgical approach.Best results were observed in 267 patients and bad outcome in 23 patients. Prosthesis implantation in young boys operated within the first three years of life or during the first year after primary surgery was connected with statistically fewer complications (P = .002 and P < .05, respectively). Supra-scrotal access was connected with the lowest rate of complications (P = .01).Long-term therapeutic results in boys with testicular prostheses were good in the majority of cases. Implantation of the first prosthesis should be performed early between 1 and 3 years of life in boys with lack of the testis. Implantation of a prosthesis should also be performed within 1 year after removing of testis or during orchiectomy. Supra-scrotal access should be chosen for testicular prosthesis implantation due to the best long-term results.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine
ISSN: 1536-5964
Pages: e13911

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The twisting of the SPERMATIC CORD due to an anatomical abnormality that left the TESTIS mobile and dangling in the SCROTUM. The initial effect of testicular torsion is obstruction of venous return. Depending on the duration and degree of cord rotation, testicular symptoms range from EDEMA to interrupted arterial flow and testicular pain. If blood flow to testis is absent for 4 to 6 h, SPERMATOGENESIS may be permanently lost.

A cystic dilation of the EPIDIDYMIS, usually in the head portion (caput epididymis). The cyst fluid contains dead SPERMATOZOA and can be easily differentiated from TESTICULAR HYDROCELE and other testicular lesions.

A condition characterized by the dilated tortuous veins of the SPERMATIC CORD with a marked left-sided predominance. Adverse effect on male fertility occurs when varicocele leads to an increased scrotal (and testicular) temperature and reduced testicular volume.

Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.

Devices intended to replace non-functioning organs. They may be temporary or permanent. Since they are intended always to function as the natural organs they are replacing, they should be differentiated from PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS and specific types of prostheses which, though also replacements for body parts, are frequently cosmetic (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) as well as functional (ARTIFICIAL LIMBS).

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