Advertisement

Topics

Internalized stigma and its correlates among treatment seeking opium users in India: A cross-sectional observational study.

07:00 EST 24th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Internalized stigma and its correlates among treatment seeking opium users in India: A cross-sectional observational study."

Opium has been used in India since ancient times for social, recreational, religious and medicinal purposes. Opium users seem to constitute a distinct sub-population among opioid users, who have minimal complications, better functioning and socio-cultural acceptance. Prominent levels of stigma have been reported against people who use opioid drugs, but the same cannot be extrapolated to opium users. There is a vast number of opium users in India, and it is prudent to understand the stigma faced by them to better address their problems. Hence, in the current study we aimed to assess the internalized stigma and its correlates among opium users who seek treatment at a tertiary care drug treatment centre in North India. 117 adult male participants having opioid dependence (opium being the most common opioid in last 3 months) were assessed using Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale - Hindi version. The stigma scores were in the mild to moderate range, which was less than that found in previous studies among heroin and alcohol users in similar setting. Moreover, higher stigma scores were associated with lower educational status and higher proportions of income spent on substances. This is the first study to document stigma among opium users. Further research needs to be conducted to understand the determinants of stigma in this population.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Asian journal of psychiatry
ISSN: 1876-2026
Pages: 86-90

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19185 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Perceived stigma and its correlates among treatment seeking alcohol and opioid users at a tertiary care centre in India.

Perceived stigma is related to the beliefs that members of stigmatized group have about the stigmatizing attitudes present in society. We present the data on perceived stigma in alcohol and opioid use...

DARK Classics in Chemical Neuroscience: Opium, a Friend or Foe.

Opium has found great use medicinally for its analgesic properties and has been witnessed as one of the most popular medications used in psychiatry. Opium derivatives have been shown efficacious for r...

Internalized Stigma in Patients with Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders.

The aim of the current study is to evaluate internalized stigma in individuals diagnosed with an eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EGID) and its impact on psychosocial and health-related outcome...

Internalized stigma, anticipated discrimination and perceived public stigma in adults with ADHD.

The objective of this study is to assess internalized stigma, perceived public stigma, anticipated discrimination and their associations with demographic, psychiatric and psychosocial characteristics ...

The mediating role of internalized weight stigma on weight perception and depression among emerging adults: Exploring moderation by weight and race.

The current study examined internalized weight stigma as a mediator of the association between self-perceived weight and depressive symptoms. University students (N = 317) aged 18-25 years complet...

Clinical Trials [2599 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Anti-stigma Intervention for Chinese American Older Adults

Approximately 50 participants will be enrolled and screened to achieve 45 eligible patients with mood/anxiety disorders to complete a 10 weekly anti-stigma group intervention (ASGI) in add...

Comparing Opium Tincture (OT) With Methadone for Substitution Treatment of Opioid Dependence

Opioid-dependent patients seeking maintenance treatment will be recruited. Each participant will be allocated to one of the two study groups with the equal chance of receiving either opium...

Stigma, Risk Behaviors and Health Care Among HIV-infected Russian People Who Inject Drugs

This study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) among 100 HIV-positive people with injection drug use, which aims to test the feasibility of the SCRIPT intervention and evaluate its effe...

A Novel Treatment Approach for Self-Stigma in First Episode Psychosis

Stigma towards mental illness is one of the greatest barriers to functional recovery that people with psychotic disorders face. Internalization of stigma (self-stigma) is associated with i...

Measurement of Individual Level of Abortion Stigma Study

This study is a randomized controlled trial designed to measure abortion stigma related to the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act. Women seeking abortion will be randomized to receive the v...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.

An alkaloid found in opium but not closely related to the other opium alkaloids in its structure or pharmacological actions. It is a direct-acting smooth muscle relaxant used in the treatment of impotence and as a vasodilator, especially for cerebral vasodilation. The mechanism of its pharmacological actions is not clear, but it apparently can inhibit phosphodiesterases and it may have direct actions on calcium channels.

Strong physiological and emotional dependence on OPIUM.

People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.

A family of predominantly nuclear proteins that regulate gene transcription and protein degradation. The expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeats in genes that encode Ataxins is associated with SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIAS (SCA). In SCA patients, the number of CAG repeats correlates with the severity of disease and inversely correlates with the age of disease onset.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...


Searches Linking to this Article