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As an innovative CXC chemokine, CXCL17 has a mysterious clinical significance and modulating influence on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our study examined the activity and mechanisms of CXCL17 on growth, autophagy, and metastasis of HCC. Upregulation of CXCL17 expression was observed in HCC, which is correlated with poorer histological stages and outcomes. Elevation of CXCL17 expression promoted proliferation, invasion, and migration and decreased LC-3B biosynthesis and p62 protein reduction, which are known to stimulate autophagy. However, silencing of CXCL17 inhibited the development of these cancerous phenotypes. Furthermore, AMPK was stimulated after knockdown of CXCL17. This stimulation, as well as stimulation of autophagy was caused by liver kinase B1 (LKB1), whose function is induced by knockdown CXCL17. Additionally, knockdown of CXCL17 enhanced nuclear translocation of LKB1. Altogether, these findings suggest that elevated CXCL17 expression in HCC promotes malignant reactions in malignant cells. Our research offers new evidence that chemokine CXCL17 reinforces malignant invasion and suppresses autophagy via the LKB1-AMPK pathway.
This article was published in the following journal.
Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common pathological process with high clinical morbidity and mortality. Paeoniflorin, a monoterpene glucoside, is found to have diverse health benefic...
In myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury, impaired autophagy function worsens cardiomyocyte death. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a heterotrimeric protein that plays an important role ...
Autophagy plays a broad role in health and disease. Here, we show that inositol polyphosphate multikinase (IPMK) is a prominent physiological determinant of autophagy and is critical for liver inflamm...
Sirtuin 4 (SIRT4) has been reported to play a vital role in the maintenance of glutamine catabolism and ATP homeostasis, but its character in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) remains obscure. In this ...
Xanthoangelol (XAG), a prenylated chalcone isolated from the Japanese herb Angelica keiskei Koidzumi, has been reported to exhibit antineoplastic properties. However, the specific anti-tumor activity ...
The molecular mechanisms contributing to the development of aortic aneurysmal disease are poorly characterized making actual therapies not sufficient. Autophagy is an intracellular mechani...
The goal of this pilot and feasibility study is to investigate the effects of a short course of metformin therapy on a surrogate marker of cellular senescence and autophagy among adult pat...
Lung adenocarcinoma with inactive LKB1 has emerged as a particularly aggressive form of lung cancer, with poor response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Recent preclinical evidences have d...
Autophagy is recognized as a central mechanism for the regulation of aging. . Osteoporosis (OA) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are two forms of pathological aging, sometimes entangled, inclu...
One recent study demonstrated impaired autophagy in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). To clarify whether this alteration is related to the inflammatory state in HD patients, we focused...
A serine/threonine-protein kinase that functions in AUTOPHAGY in response to starvation. It acts on the PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE complex PIK3C3 to regulate AUTOPHAGOSOME formation. It also functions as both a downstream effector and negative regulator of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and is activated by AMPK, which it also negatively regulates.
An autophagy related protein that is similar to UBIQUITIN-ACTIVATING ENZYME E1. It functions in CYTOPLASM to VACUOLE transport (Cvt) and AUTOPHAGY by activating ATG12 PROTEIN for its conjugation with ATG5 PROTEIN, as well as the conjugation of ATG8 FAMILY PROTEINS with phosphatidylethanolamine for ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and AUTOPHAGOSOME membranes. It is also required for the nitrogen starvation response in yeast, MITOPHAGY; and autophagic cell death induced by CASPASE 8 inhibition.
Proteins and enzymes that function, often as components of MULTIPROTEIN COMPLEXES, to assemble AUTOPHAGOSOMES and carry out AUTOPHAGY.
Surface ligands, usually glycoproteins, that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion. Their functions include the assembly and interconnection of various vertebrate systems, as well as maintenance of tissue integration, wound healing, morphogenic movements, cellular migrations, and metastasis.
Ubiquitous macromolecules associated with the cell surface and extracellular matrix of a wide range of cells of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. They are essential cofactors in cell-matrix adhesion processes, in cell-cell recognition systems, and in receptor-growth factor interactions. (From Cancer Metastasis Rev 1996; 15(2): 177-86; Hepatology 1996; 24(3): 524-32)
Cytokines include chemokines, lymphokines, and monokines. Cells of the immune system communicate with one another by releasing and responding to chemical messengers called cytokines. These proteins are secreted by immune cells and act on other cells to...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...