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Stimulus dynamics-dependent information transfer of olfactory and vomeronasal sensory neurons in mice.

07:00 EST 29th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Stimulus dynamics-dependent information transfer of olfactory and vomeronasal sensory neurons in mice."

The parallel processing of chemical signals by the main olfactory system and the vomeronasal system has been known to control animal behavior. The physiological significance of peripheral parallel pathways consisting of olfactory sensory neurons and vomeronasal sensory neurons is not well understood. Here, we show complementary characteristics of the information transfer of the olfactory sensory neurons and vomeronasal sensory neurons. A difference in excitability between the sensory neurons was revealed by patch-clamp experiments. The olfactory and vomeronasal sensory neurons showed phasic and tonic firing, respectively. Intrinsic channel kinetics determining firing patterns was demonstrated by a Hodgkin-Huxley-style computation. Our estimation of the information carried by action potentials during one cycle of sinusoidal stimulation with variable durations revealed distinct characteristics of information transfer between the sensory neurons. Phasic firing of the olfactory sensory neurons was suitable to carry information about rapid changes in a shorter cycle (<200 ms). In contrast, tonic firing of the vomeronasal sensory neurons was able to convey information about smaller stimuli changing slowly with longer cycles (>500 ms). Thus, the parallel pathways of the two types of sensory neurons can convey information about a wide range of dynamic stimuli. A combination of complementary characteristics of olfactory information transfer may enhance the synergy of the interaction between the main olfactory system and the vomeronasal system.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuroscience
ISSN: 1873-7544
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Ovoid body resting on the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone where the olfactory nerve terminates. The olfactory bulb contains several types of nerve cells including the mitral cells, on whose dendrites the olfactory nerve synapses, forming the olfactory glomeruli. The accessory olfactory bulb, which receives the projection from the VOMERONASAL ORGAN via the vomeronasal nerve, is also included here.

An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.

A neurological disorder in which a sensory stimulus, usually tactile but more rarely other sensory modalities, is misperceived in a location distant from the original stimulus.

That portion of the nasal mucosa containing the sensory nerve endings for SMELL, located at the dome of each NASAL CAVITY. The yellow-brownish olfactory epithelium consists of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS; brush cells; STEM CELLS; and the associated olfactory glands.

Set of nerve fibers conducting impulses from olfactory receptors to the cerebral cortex. It includes the OLFACTORY NERVE; OLFACTORY BULB; olfactory tract, olfactory tubercle, anterior perforated substance, and olfactory cortex. The term rhinencephalon is restricted to structures in the CNS receiving fibers from the olfactory bulb.

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