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Acoustic higher-order topological insulator on a kagome lattice.

07:00 EST 31st December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acoustic higher-order topological insulator on a kagome lattice."

Higher-order topological insulators are a family of recently predicted topological phases of matter that obey an extended topological bulk-boundary correspondence principle. For example, a two-dimensional (2D) second-order topological insulator does not exhibit gapless one-dimensional (1D) topological edge states, like a standard 2D topological insulator, but instead has topologically protected zero-dimensional (0D) corner states. The first prediction of a second-order topological insulator, based on quantized quadrupole polarization, was demonstrated in classical mechanical and electromagnetic metamaterials. Here we experimentally realize a second-order topological insulator in an acoustic metamaterial, based on a 'breathing' kagome lattice that has zero quadrupole polarization but a non-trivial bulk topology characterized by quantized Wannier centres. Unlike previous higher-order topological insulator realizations, the corner states depend not only on the bulk topology but also on the corner shape; we show experimentally that they exist at acute-angled corners of the kagome lattice, but not at obtuse-angled corners. This shape dependence allows corner states to act as topologically protected but reconfigurable local resonances.

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Name: Nature materials
ISSN: 1476-1122
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