Advertisement

Topics

Increased Risk for Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease for Household Contacts of Scarlet Fever Cases, England, 2011-2016.

08:00 EDT 17th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Increased Risk for Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease for Household Contacts of Scarlet Fever Cases, England, 2011-2016."

The incidence of scarlet fever in England and Wales is at its highest in 50 years. We estimated secondary household risk for invasive group A Streptococcus (iGAS) disease within 60 days after onset of scarlet fever. Reports of scarlet fever in England during 2011-2016 were matched by residential address to persons with laboratory-confirmed iGAS infections. We identified 11 iGAS cases in ≈189,684 household contacts and a 60-day incidence rate of 35.3 cases/100,000 person-years, which was 12.2-fold higher than the background rate (2.89). Infants and contacts >75 years of age were at highest risk. Three cases were fatal; sepsis and cellulitis were the most common manifestations. Typing for 6 iGAS cases identified emm 1.0 (n = 4), emm 4.0 (n = 1), and emm 12.0 (n = 1). Although absolute risk in household contacts was low, clinicians assessing household contacts should be aware of the risk to expedite diagnosis and initiate life-saving treatment.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Emerging infectious diseases
ISSN: 1080-6059
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [35542 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae in adult patients in Mexico.

The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adult patients in Mexico. Streptococcus pneumoniae classi...

Epidemiology of an upsurge of invasive group A streptococcal infections in Ireland, 2012-2015.

Group A streptococcus (GAS) is responsible for mild to very severe disease. The epidemiology of an upsurge in invasive GAS (iGAS) infections in Ireland, 2012-2015 was investigated.

The fall and rise of Group A Streptococcus diseases.

Streptococcus pyogenes (or Group A Streptococcus, GAS) is a Gram-positive human pathogen responsible for a diverse array of superficial, invasive and immune-related diseases. GAS infections have histo...

Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Serotype Distribution of Group B Streptococcus Colonization in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women Living in Belgium: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection is a leading cause of severe neonatal infection. Maternal GBS carriage during pregnancy is the main risk factor for both early-onset and late-onset GBS disease. H...

Pediatric cases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 3.

Streptococcus pneumoniae causes invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), leading to high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although nonvaccine serotypes constitute a major issue in the aspect of invasive...

Clinical Trials [17858 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Feasibility Study Identifying Antibody Levels Associated With Reduced Risk of Invasive Group B Streptococcus Disease in Young Infants.

Feasibility phase for a study to evaluate antibody levels against Group B Streptococcus in mothers and their infants at delivery to establish antibody levels associated with reductions in ...

Epidemiology of MDR-TB in Peru

The purpose of this study is to better understand tuberculosis (TB) and the risk of infection with TB, in Peru. TB is a disease that is caused by bacteria and transmitted through droplets ...

Immunity to Human Cholera in Bangladesh

Cholera is a severe diarrhea illness caused by bacteria. The purpose of this study is to better understand how the immune systems of people in Dhaka, Bangladesh, fight infection with chole...

A Study to Compare the Efficacy of Hepatitis A Vaccine and Immune Globulin When Given After Exposure to Hepatitis A

Immune globulin is effective about 85% of the time in preventing hepatitis A in people who have been exposed, if it is given within 14 days of exposure. Several lines of evidence suggest ...

Feasibility of Cocooning Immunization Strategy With Influenza Vaccine

Influenza causes epidemics of respiratory infection in young children each winter. Young children, particularly those under 6 months of age are most vulnerable to suffering from complicat...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A large heterogeneous group of mostly alpha-hemolytic streptococci. They colonize the respiratory tract at birth and generally have a low degree of pathogenicity. This group of species includes STREPTOCOCCUS MITIS; STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS; STREPTOCOCCUS ORALIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS; STREPTOCOCCUS SOBRINUS; and the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. The latter are often beta-hemolytic and commonly produce invasive pyogenic infections including brain and abdominal abscesses.

A species of Streptococcus that is pathogenic in fish and may also cause disease in humans who routinely handle infected fish. Those who are of Asian descent, elderly, or have chronic diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE; or LIVER CIRRHOSIS are more susceptible to Streptococcus iniae infections.

A species of gram-positive bacteria in the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. It is the most frequently seen isolate of that group, has a proclivity for abscess formation, and is most often isolated from the blood, gastrointestinal, and urogenital tract.

A species of gram-positive bacteria in the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. It is commonly found in the oropharnyx flora and has a proclivity for abscess formation in the upper body and respiratory tract.

A species of gram-positive bacteria in the STREPTOCOCCUS MILLERI GROUP. It is commonly found in the oropharynx flora and has a proclivity for abscess formation, most characteristically in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and LIVER.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Article