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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a tumor with poor prognosis and frequently aggressive. The development of HCC is associated with fibrosis and cirrhosis, which mainly results from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, excessive alcohol consumption, and viral infections. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are RNAs transcribed from the genome, but are not translated into proteins. Recently, ncRNAs emerged as key contributors to tumor development and progression because of their abilities to regulate various targets and modulate cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and development. In this review, we summarize the frequently activated pathways in HCC and discuss the pathological implications of ncRNAs in the context of human liver disease progression, in particular HCC development and progression. This review aims to summarize the role of ncRNA dysregulation in the diseases and discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic potentials of ncRNAs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of pharmacal research
The role of noncoding transcripts in gene expression is nowadays acknowledged to keep various diseases at bay-despite being referred to as "junk" DNA several years ago. Believed to be at the heart of ...
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) recently have been identified as influential indicators in a variety of malignancies. Hence, the aim of the present study was to identify a functional lncRNA and its ass...
Exosomes are one kind of microvesicles secreted by living cells. It contains some small non-coding RNAs (microRNA, lncRNA, circRNA, etc.) which play an important role in signal transduction. In additi...
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NAFLD/NASH) is an increasing clinical problem associated with progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The effect of high fat diet ...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be the last step of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) evolution. Experimental models are crucial to elucidate the pathogenesis of HCC secondary to NAFLD. The...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and is the third leading cause of cancer that related death in the worldwide. Although, current most of doctors and l...
Global prevalence of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases (NAFLD) ranges from 22% to 28%.The spectrum of these hepatic abnormalities extends from isolated steatosis to steatohepatitis (Non A...
Hepatocellular carcinoma represents the commonest primary cancer of the liver.serum lactate dehydrogenase is an indirect marker of tumor hypoxia,angioneogenesis and worse prognosis.
Primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) is the fifth most common malignant disorder, with an increasing incidence in Europe and the USA as a result of the high prevalence of hepati...
Patients with liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma will undergo transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) as clinically indicated and will be randomized to receive bevacizumab or plac...
An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
The founding member of the EPH FAMILY RECEPTORS. It was first cloned from an erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and is highly conserved among many mammalian species. Overproduction of the EphA1 receptor is associated with tumors and tumor cells of epithelial origin. It is also expressed at high levels in LIVER; LUNG; and KIDNEY; which is in contrast to many other members of the Eph receptor that are found primarily in tissues of the nervous system.
An isoenzyme of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE that catalyzes the degradation of GLYCOGEN in liver tissue. Mutation of the gene coding this enzyme on chromosome 14 is the cause of GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE VI.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...