In vitro efficiency of 16 different Ca(OH) based CO absorbent brands.

07:00 EST 4th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In vitro efficiency of 16 different Ca(OH) based CO absorbent brands."

Data directly comparing CO absorbents tested in identical and clinically relevant conditions are scarce or non-existent. We therefore tested and compared the efficiency of 16 different brands of Ca(OH) based CO absorbents used as loose fill or a cartridge in a refillable canister under identical low flow conditions. CO absorbents efficiency was tested by flowing 160 mL/min CO into the tip of a 2 L balloon that was ventilated with an ADU anesthesia machine (GE, Madison, WI, USA) with a tidal volume of 500 mL and a respiratory rate of 10/min while running an O/air FGF of 300 mL/min. After the 1020 mL refillable container was filled with a known volume of CO absorbent (derived from weighing the initial canister content and the product's density), the time for the inspired CO concentration (FCO) to rise to 0.5% was measured. This test was repeated 4 times for each product. Because the two SpiraLith Ca products (one with and one without indicator) are delivered as a cartridge, they had to be tested using their proprietary canister. The time (min) for FCO to reach 0.5% was normalized to 100 mL of product, and defined as the efficiency, which was compared amongst the different brands using ANOVA. Efficiency ranged from 50 to 100 min per 100 mL of product, and increased with increasing NaOH content (a catalyst), the exception being SpiraLith Ca cartridge with color indicator (performing as well as the most efficient granular products) and the SpiraLith Ca cartridge without color indicator (outperforming all others). Results indicated a spherical or bullet shape is less efficient in absorbing CO than broken fragments or cylinders, which in turn is less efficient than a hemispherical (disc) shape, which is in turn less efficient than a solid cartridge with a molded channel geometry. The efficiency of Ca(OH) based CO absorbent differs up to 100% on a volume basis. Macroscopic arrangement (cylindrical wrap with preformed channels versus granules), chemical composition (NaOH content), and granular shape all affect efficiency per volume of product. The data can be used to compare costs of the different products.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of clinical monitoring and computing
ISSN: 1573-2614


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