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The pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy is linked to hyperglycaemia and its effect on retinal microvascular tissues. The resulting endothelial injury changes the endothelial cell phenotype to acquire mesenchymal properties (i.e. endothelial-mesenchymal transition [EndMT]). Such changes can be regulated by epigenetic mechanisms, including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). lncRNA H19 may influence EndMT through TGF-β. We investigated the role of H19 in regulating EndMT during diabetic retinopathy.
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Cell permeability and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was found to be enhanced in diabetic retinopathy, and the aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays implicated roles in diabetic retinopathy (DR). The role of roundabout 4 (Robo 4) in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis is controversial; however, the inter...
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), but the pathophysiology of DN is complex and not fully understood. Renal tubal epithelial-mesenchymal trans...
Endothelial cells are the main components of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels, which play an important role in regulating the physiological functions of the cardiovascular system. Endot...
Microvascular dysfunctions due to altered interactions between endothelial cells (ECs) and pericytes are key-events in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived fr...
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide. Diabetic retinopathy is the most prevalent complication of DM and a leading cause of visual impairment. Some factors are k...
This study will determine whether certain factors in the blood are associated with the severity of diabetic retinopathy. Patients age 10 years and older with diabetes mellitus and diabeti...
The purpose of this study is to determine if the reparative cells of blood vessels called endothelial progenitor cells(EPC) are defective in people with diabetes.
Current knowledge: To the best of our knowledge, no studies have reported the correlation between pulmonary function and the vascular endothelial function in diabetic patients during the p...
Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) has been the standard treatment for Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) since the Diabetic Retinopathy Study demonstrated its benefit nearly 40 years...
Phenotypic changes of EPITHELIAL CELLS to MESENCHYME type, which increase cell mobility critical in many developmental processes such as NEURAL TUBE development. NEOPLASM METASTASIS and DISEASE PROGRESSION may also induce this transition.
A drug used to reduce hemorrhage in diabetic retinopathy.
Removal of the whole or part of the vitreous body in treating endophthalmitis, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, intraocular foreign bodies, and some types of glaucoma.
Disease of the RETINA as a complication of DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by the progressive microvascular complications, such as ANEURYSM, interretinal EDEMA, and intraocular PATHOLOGIC NEOVASCULARIZATION.
Aneurysm of the MICROVASCULATURE. Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which is a common cause of CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE. Retinal microaneurysm is an early diagnostic sign of DIABETIC RETINOPATHY.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...
The development and maintenance of an organism is orchestrated by a set of chemical reactions that switch parts of the genome off and on at strategic times and locations. Epigenetics is the study of these reactions and the factors that influence them. ...