Advertisement

Topics

Intestinal organoids: A new paradigm for engineering intestinal epithelium in vitro.

07:00 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intestinal organoids: A new paradigm for engineering intestinal epithelium in vitro."

In recent years, the advent of intestinal organoid culture systems has revolutionized in vitro studies of the small intestine epithelium. Intestinal organoids are derived from self-organizing and self-renewing intestinal stem cells and closely recapitulate the native intestinal epithelium. They therefore represent a more physiologically-relevant in vitro model than conventional cell cultures for studying intestinal development, biology and pathophysiology. Moreover, they represent a promising and unprecedented new tool in the realm of regenerative and personalized medicine. In this review, we outline the current approaches to develop intestinal organoids and describe the strategies used to induce complexity, multicellularity and modularity in organoid culture systems; this knowledge will contribute to improved biomimicry of the organoid culture system. We focus on co-culture systems and explore the convergence of organoid technology and engineering principals. Finally, we describe applications of intestinal organoids in various fields.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biomaterials
ISSN: 1878-5905
Pages: 195-214

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [10826 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Recent progress in organoid culture to model intestinal epithelial barrier functions.

The intestinal epithelium not only acts as the physical structure that separates the intestinal lumen from the body but also actively participates in intestinal barrier functions. In the past decade, ...

Tankyrases maintain homeostasis of intestinal epithelium by preventing cell death.

Lgr5+ intestinal stem cells are crucial for fast homeostatic renewal of intestinal epithelium and Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an essential role in this process by sustaining stem cell self-renewal....

Potential Use of Human Stem Cell-Derived Intestinal Organoids to Study Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic remitting disorder with increasing incidence worldwide. The intestinal epithelial barrier plays a major role in IBD, contributing to its pathogenesis, evo...

Permeability analyses and three dimensional imaging of interferon gamma-induced barrier disintegration in intestinal organoids.

The aberrant regulation of the epithelial barrier integrity is involved in many diseases of the digestive tract, including inflammatory bowel diseases and colorectal cancer. Intestinal epithelial cell...

The intestinal epithelial response to damage.

The constant renewal of the intestinal epithelium is fueled by intestinal stem cells (ISCs) lying at the base of crypts, and these ISCs continuously give rise to transit-amplifying progenitor cells du...

Clinical Trials [2554 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Intestinal Stem Cells Characterization

A monocentric pilot studying intestinal organoids from endoscopic biopsies of IBD (Crohn and ulcerative colitis), FAP patients and healthy controls. Investigate the morphological character...

The Innervation of Human Gut Sensory Epithelial Cells

The study has two objectives: 1. To obtain endoscopic and colonoscopic biopsies to harvest and culture intestinal crypts from human tissue to produce organoids. These organoids wil...

Effects of Comprehensive Intestinal Protection Strategy on Postoperative Intestinal Complications

To investigate the morbidity of intestinal injury after open surgery and observe the effect of comprehensive intestinal protection strategy on postoperative intestinal complications in pat...

Safety/Efficacy Study of Bovine Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase in Patients With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is characterized by abnormal activation of, and damage to, the colon epithelium, which is considered to be a central pathogenic mechanism. Activation of colon epithelium...

Proteomic Analysis Reveals Innate Immune Activity In Intestinal Transplant Dysfunction

Many patients with intestinal failure require intestinal transplantation for survival. Currently, the gold standard for diagnosing acute cellular rejection (ACR) is histological examinatio...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.

Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.

Dilatation of the intestinal lymphatic system usually caused by an obstruction in the intestinal wall. It may be congenital or acquired and is characterized by DIARRHEA; HYPOPROTEINEMIA; peripheral and/or abdominal EDEMA; and PROTEIN-LOSING ENTEROPATHIES.

A highly basic, 28 amino acid neuropeptide released from intestinal mucosa. It has a wide range of biological actions affecting the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems and is neuroprotective. It binds special receptors (RECEPTORS, VASOACTIVE INTESTINAL PEPTIDE).

An organization of cells into an organ-like structure. Organoids can be generated in culture. They are also found in certain neoplasms.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Stem Cells
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development.  Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry.  BioPort...


Searches Linking to this Article