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Inter-laboratory proficiency schemes are widely used to control the performance of clinical and forensic toxicology laboratories. In 2016 the Laboratory of Environmental Hygiene and Forensic Toxicology - Venice (Italy) initiated an inter-laboratory proficiency test of blood-alcohol analysis. The number of participating laboratories gradually increased from 26 to 36. Furthermore, a few clinical laboratories were included if gas chromatographic (GC) methods were used for blood alcohol analysis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Forensic science international
The College of American Pathologists' proficiency testing program has been instrumental in identifying problems in clinical testing.
Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) are phospholipids produced through non-oxidative ethanol metabolism. They accumulate in red blood cells and have been traditionally analysed in whole blood as potential biom...
Epigenetic modifications of a gene have been shown to play a role in maintaining a long-lasting change in gene expression. We hypothesize that alcohol's modulating effect on DNA methylation on certain...
Using conventional methods, organism identification (ID) and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) results are available ∼1.5-3 days after positive blood culture. New technologies can reduce thi...
Clinical laboratory reference intervals (RIs) are essential for clinical diagnosis, treatment and therapeutic monitoring. Locally established RIs are required to correctly interpret clinical laborator...
A non invasive transdermal sensor device was developed by the Im2Np laboratory to determine the presence of vapor of alcohol in insensible perspiration. One of possible application would ...
Importance: Clinical communication is an important source of medical error and preventable adverse events. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of an online learning programme for IS...
This study will examine whether Rimonabant, a drug that blocks cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptors in the brain, affects alcohol consumption. Substances called endocannabinoids, which have many...
This trial is designed to test the accuracy of a wristwatch blood alcohol level monitor relative to alcohol breath testing. An established human laboratory self-administration procedure wi...
The purpose of this study is to provide a quantitative base line comparison to determine a surgeon's proficiency based on that surgeon's hand and tool movements while performing simulation...
A vocabulary database of universal identifiers for laboratory and clinical test results. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange and pooling of results for clinical care, outcomes management, and research. It is produced by the Regenstrief Institute. (LOINC and RELMA [Internet]. Indianapolis: The Regenstrief Institute; c1995-2001 [cited 2002 Apr 2]. Available from http://www.regenstrief.org/loinc)
Assessments aimed at determining agreement in diagnostic test results among laboratories. Identical survey samples are distributed to participating laboratories, with results stratified according to testing methodologies.
Test results which deviate substantially from normal ranges of REFERENCE VALUES or other qualitative results. They trigger CLINICAL LABORATORY SERVICES to place a special alert to ensure PATIENT SAFETY.
Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Work that consists of a conference of physicians on their observations of a patient at the bedside, regarding the physical state, laboratory and other diagnostic findings, clinical manifestations, results of current therapy, etc. A clinical conference usually ends with a confirmation or correction of clinical findings by a pathological diagnosis performed by a pathologist. "Clinical conference" is often referred to as a "clinico-pathological conference."
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...