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Combining high wavenumber and fingerprint Raman spectroscopy for the detection of prostate cancer during radical prostatectomy.

08:00 EDT 15th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Combining high wavenumber and fingerprint Raman spectroscopy for the detection of prostate cancer during radical prostatectomy."

For prostate cancer (PCa) patients, radical prostatectomy (complete removal of the prostate) is the only curative surgical option. To date, there is no clinical technique allowing for real-time assessment of surgical margins to minimize the extent of residual cancer. Here, we present a tissue interrogation technique using a dual excitation wavelength Raman spectroscopy system capable of sequentially acquiring fingerprint (FP) and high wavenumber (HWN) Raman spectra. Results demonstrate the ability of the system to detect PCa in post-prostatectomy specimens. In total, 477 Raman spectra were collected from 18 human prostate slices. Each area measured with Raman spectroscopy was characterized as either normal or cancer based on histopathological analyses, and each spectrum was classified based on supervised learning using support vector machines (SVMs). Based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, FP (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.89) had slightly superior cancer detection capabilities compared with HWN (AUC = 0.86). Optimal performance resulted from combining the spectral information from FP and HWN (AUC = 0.91), suggesting that the use of these two spectral regions may provide complementary molecular information for PCa detection. The use of leave-one-(spectrum)-out (LOO) or leave-one-patient-out (LOPO) cross-validation produced similar classification results when combining FP with HWN. Our findings suggest that the application of machine learning using multiple data points from the same patient does not result in biases necessarily impacting the reliability of the classification models.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biomedical optics express
ISSN: 2156-7085
Pages: 4294-4305

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