Advertisement

Topics

Leukemic Involvement in the Thorax.

07:03 LMT 1st January 0000 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Leukemic Involvement in the Thorax."

Leukemias are malignancies in which abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, resulting in compromise of normal bone marrow hematopoiesis and subsequent cytopenias. Leukemias are classified as myeloid or lymphoid depending on the type of abnormal cells produced and as acute or chronic according to cellular maturity. The four major types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Clinical manifestations are due to either bone marrow suppression (anemia, thrombocytopenia, or neutropenia) or leukemic organ infiltration. Imaging manifestations of leukemia in the thorax are myriad. While lymphadenopathy is the most common manifestation of intrathoracic leukemia, leukemia may also involve the lungs, pleura, heart, and bones and soft tissues. Myeloid sarcomas occur in 5%-7% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and represent masses of myeloid blast cells in an extramedullary location. RSNA, 2019.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
ISSN: 1527-1323
Pages: 44-61

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [2553 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A prospective analysis of motion and deformity at the shoulder level in surgically treated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Although posterior spinal correction and fusion surgery (PSF) of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) limits counter rotation between thorax and pelvis, the physical function, and more specifically g...

Computed tomography thorax abnormalities in immunocompetent patients with tuberculous meningitis: An observational study.

Computed tomography (CT) of the thorax is the imaging modality of choice to detect or demonstrate lesions suggestive of active pulmonary tuberculosis. We aimed to evaluate the imaging abnormalities de...

Thrombocytosis and central nervous system involvement in a case of canine acute megakaryoblastic leukemia.

This case report presents a 14-month-old female Poodle mix with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia based on a marked thrombocytosis, abnormal platelet morphology, circulating dwarf megakaryocytes, and bl...

Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia Presenting as Perianal Pain.

Extramedullary involvement of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is a rare entity as most patients present with lymphoreticular organ involvement. Its detection and diagnosis can be extremely challengin...

The Oncogenic Transcription Factor RUNX1/ETO Corrupts Cell Cycle Regulation to Drive Leukemic Transformation.

Oncogenic transcription factors such as the leukemic fusion protein RUNX1/ETO, which drives t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML), constitute cancer-specific but highly challenging therapeutic targets....

Clinical Trials [798 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Pre and Post Treatment Metabolomic Analysis of Leukemia: A Translational Clinical Trial of the Brown Cancer Center

To characterize the metabolism of glucose by the leukemic cells in patients with leukemia before and after initial chemotherapy. To compare the metabolism of glucose by leukocytes in heal...

Study of DT388GMCSF Fusion Protein in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML)

DTGM belongs to a new generation of drugs designed to target leukemic cells. To achieve this, DTGM takes advantage of the ability of naturally-produced growth factor (GM, granulocyte-macro...

DepoCyt for Active Lymphomatous or Leukemic Meningitis

The purpose of this study is to determine the response rate of lymphomatous meningitis or leukemic meningitis to DepoCyt. The safety of DepoCyt, the number of people who respond well to t...

Psychophysiological Effects of Thorax Wraps With Ginger and Mustard Flour

In integrative medicine wraps are applied for different indications. In this study the effects of thorax with ginger and mustard flour are investigated under standardized conditions. Heart...

Ph+/Bcr-Abl+ ALL Imatinib and Nilotinib Rotational Study

This study is an open-label, multicentric, exploratory, single arm, phase II study of adults who are either more than 60 years old, or are unfit for intensive chemotherapy and allo SCT. Th...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

Abnormal intravascular leukocyte aggregation and clumping often seen in leukemia patients. The brain and lungs are the two most commonly affected organs. This acute syndrome requires aggressive cytoreductive modalities including chemotherapy and/or leukophoresis. It is differentiated from LEUKEMIC INFILTRATION which is a neoplastic process where leukemic cells invade organs.

A pathologic change in leukemia in which leukemic cells permeate various organs at any stage of the disease. All types of leukemia show various degrees of infiltration, depending upon the type of leukemia. The degree of infiltration may vary from site to site. The liver and spleen are common sites of infiltration, the greatest appearing in myelocytic leukemia, but infiltration is seen also in the granulocytic and lymphocytic types. The kidney is also a common site and of the gastrointestinal system, the stomach and ileum are commonly involved. In lymphocytic leukemia the skin is often infiltrated. The central nervous system too is a common site.

Widespread necrotizing angiitis with granulomas. Pulmonary involvement is frequent. Asthma or other respiratory infection may precede evidence of vasculitis. Eosinophilia and lung involvement differentiate this disease from POLYARTERITIS NODOSA.

The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Blood
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...


Searches Linking to this Article