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C-Phycocyanin from Spirulina Inhibits α-Synuclein and Amyloid-β Fibril Formation but Not Amorphous Aggregation.

07:00 EST 8th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "C-Phycocyanin from Spirulina Inhibits α-Synuclein and Amyloid-β Fibril Formation but Not Amorphous Aggregation."

Proteinopathies including cataracts and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, are characterized by a series of aberrant protein folding events, resulting in amorphous aggregate or amyloid fibril formation. In the latter case, research has heavily focused on the development of small-molecule inhibitors with limited success during clinical trials. However, very few studies have focused on utilizing exogenous proteins as potential aggregation inhibitors. C-Phycocyanin, derived from Spirulina sp., has been known to exert anti-inflammatory properties; however, the ability of C-phycocyanin to inhibit protein aggregation has yet to be investigated. We have demonstrated that C-phycocyanin is an effective inhibitor of A53Tα-synuclein at extremely low substoichiometric ratios (200-fold excess of α-synuclein) and Aβ40/42 fibril formation. However, C-phycocyanin is relatively ineffective in inhibiting the reduction-induced amorphous aggregation of ADH and heat-induced aggregation of catalase. In addition, 2D NMR, ion mobility-mass spectrometry, and analytical-SEC demonstrate that the interaction between C-phycocyanin and α-synuclein is through nonstable interactions, indicating that transient interactions are likely to be responsible for preventing fibril formation. Overall, this work highlights how biomolecules from natural sources could be used to aid in the development of therapeutics to combat protein misfolding diseases.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of natural products
ISSN: 1520-6025
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Amyloid P component is a small, non-fibrillar glycoprotein found in normal serum and in all amyloid deposits. It has a pentagonal (pentaxin) structure. It is an acute phase protein, modulates immunologic responses, inhibits ELASTASE, and has been suggested as an indicator of LIVER DISEASE.

A synuclein that is a major component of LEWY BODIES that plays a role in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection.

A type of extracellularly deposited substance composed of an amyloid protein and additional components including HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; LAMININ; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; SERUM AMYLOID P-COMPONENT; and APOLIPOPROTEINS E which together form characteristic amyloid fibrils. The core of amyloid fibrils is formed by the stacking of overlapping beta-pleated sheet domains of the amyloid protein. There are many different amyloid proteins that have been found forming the core of the fibrils in vivo. However, amyloid can be formed from any protein that exposes beta-pleated strand conformations during unfolding or refolding. A common characteristic of amyloid is the ability to bind such dyes as CONGO RED and thioflavine.

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