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Proteinopathies including cataracts and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, are characterized by a series of aberrant protein folding events, resulting in amorphous aggregate or amyloid fibril formation. In the latter case, research has heavily focused on the development of small-molecule inhibitors with limited success during clinical trials. However, very few studies have focused on utilizing exogenous proteins as potential aggregation inhibitors. C-Phycocyanin, derived from Spirulina sp., has been known to exert anti-inflammatory properties; however, the ability of C-phycocyanin to inhibit protein aggregation has yet to be investigated. We have demonstrated that C-phycocyanin is an effective inhibitor of A53Tα-synuclein at extremely low substoichiometric ratios (200-fold excess of α-synuclein) and Aβ40/42 fibril formation. However, C-phycocyanin is relatively ineffective in inhibiting the reduction-induced amorphous aggregation of ADH and heat-induced aggregation of catalase. In addition, 2D NMR, ion mobility-mass spectrometry, and analytical-SEC demonstrate that the interaction between C-phycocyanin and α-synuclein is through nonstable interactions, indicating that transient interactions are likely to be responsible for preventing fibril formation. Overall, this work highlights how biomolecules from natural sources could be used to aid in the development of therapeutics to combat protein misfolding diseases.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of natural products
The small presynaptic protein α-synuclein (α-syn) is involved in the etiology of Parkinson's disease owing to its abnormal misfolding. To date, little information is known on the role of DNA nanostr...
Several intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) have been implicated in the process of amyloid fibril formation in neurodegenerative disease, and developing approaches to inhibit the aggregation of t...
Aggregation of the protein α-Synuclein (αSyn) is of great interest due to its involvement in the pathology of Parkinson's disease. However, under in vitro conditions αSyn is very soluble and kineti...
Amyloid fibril formation has long been studied because of the variety of proteins that are capable of adopting this structure despite sharing little sequence homology. This makes amyloid fibrils a cha...
Mapping conformational changes of α-synuclein (α-syn) from soluble, unstructured monomers to β-sheet-rich aggregates is crucial towards understanding amyloid formation. Here, we use Raman microspec...
Introduction- Oxidative stress plays a causative role in pathogenesis of periodontal disease. It has been reported that Spirulina platensis or its active ingredient C phycocyanin (CPC) ...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the possible immunologic effects of spirulina in children with beta thalassemia.
In this double-blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial investigators are going to study the effects of Spirulina supplementation on anthropometric measurements, lipid profile, appetite,...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of spirulina in children with beta thalassemia.
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that Spirulina maxima intake and a dosed physical activity program will decrease, both independently and synergistically, cardiovascular risks (...
A synuclein that is closely related to ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN. It may play a neuroprotective role against some of the toxic effects of aggregated ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN.
A homolog of ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN that plays a role in neurofilament network integrity. It is overexpressed in a variety of human NEOPLASMS and may be involved in modulating AXON architecture during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT and in the adult. Gamma-Synuclein may also activate SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS associated with ETS-DOMAIN PROTEIN ELK-1.
Amyloid P component is a small, non-fibrillar glycoprotein found in normal serum and in all amyloid deposits. It has a pentagonal (pentaxin) structure. It is an acute phase protein, modulates immunologic responses, inhibits ELASTASE, and has been suggested as an indicator of LIVER DISEASE.
A synuclein that is a major component of LEWY BODIES that plays a role in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection.
A type of extracellularly deposited substance composed of an amyloid protein and additional components including HEPARAN SULFATE PROTEOGLYCAN; LAMININ; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; SERUM AMYLOID P-COMPONENT; and APOLIPOPROTEINS E which together form characteristic amyloid fibrils. The core of amyloid fibrils is formed by the stacking of overlapping beta-pleated sheet domains of the amyloid protein. There are many different amyloid proteins that have been found forming the core of the fibrils in vivo. However, amyloid can be formed from any protein that exposes beta-pleated strand conformations during unfolding or refolding. A common characteristic of amyloid is the ability to bind such dyes as CONGO RED and thioflavine.
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...