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To evaluate the potential for ethnicity-related differences in ataluren pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety, a phase 1 single-dose study was conducted in 48 healthy (24 Japanese and 24 Caucasian subjects), nonsmoking male volunteers who were equally divided into 3 cohorts of oral doses at 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg. Blood samples were collected until 48 hours postdose. PK results demonstrated rapid absorption of ataluren, with peak plasma levels (C ) being attained between 0.875 and 2.5 hours after dosing. The mean C and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC ) increased with each increasing dose level in both Japanese and Caucasian subjects. Although the C was similar across all subjects at each dose regardless of ethnicity, Japanese subjects had a mean AUC approximately 14% to 34% lower than that of Caucasian subjects across the 3 dose levels. This difference was likely due to the higher variability of AUC values in Caucasian subjects and the relatively small study population. In conclusion, similar ataluren PK profiles were observed in healthy Japanese and Caucasian subjects following single oral administration of ataluren at all dose levels.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical pharmacology in drug development
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A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
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