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One year of infectious diseases in review.

07:00 EST 9th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "One year of infectious diseases in review."

New data were published regarding fœtal damage of Zika virus infection, and its sexual transmission. An outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo emphasizes the importance of vaccine development. In Switzerland, hospitals in the Canton of Bern were affected by a large outbreak of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Despite the availability of new treatments, a significant decrease in the incidence of hepatitis C has not been achieved yet. Adjunctive rifampicin for Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia provides no overall benefit over standard therapy. In selected patients with left side endocarditis, changing to oral treatment was non inferior to continued intravenous antibiotic treatment. Carbapenems remain the preferred treatment for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria bloodstream infection. Nitrofurantoin resulted in better clinical outcome than fosfomycin among women with uncomplicated cystitis.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Revue medicale suisse
ISSN: 1660-9379
Pages: 62-64

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It was established in 1948.

Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.

Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.

A branch of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of INFECTIOUS DISEASES.

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