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Low-moisture food matrices as probiotic carriers.

07:00 EST 9th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Low-moisture food matrices as probiotic carriers."

To exert a beneficial effect on the host, adequate doses of probiotics must be administered and maintaining their viability until consumption is thus essential. Dehydrated probiotics exhibit enhanced long-term viability and can be incorporated into low-moisture food matrices which also possess high stability at refrigeration and ambient temperature. However, several factors associated with the desiccation process, the physicochemical properties of the matrix and the storage conditions can affect probiotic survival. In the near future, an increased demand for probiotics based on functionally dominant members of the gut microbiome ('next-generation probiotics', NGP) is expected. NGPs are very sensitive to oxygen and efficient encapsulation protocols are needed. Strategies to improve the viability of traditional probiotics and particularly of NGPs involve the selection of a suitable carrier as well as proper desiccation and protection techniques. Dried probiotic microcapsules may constitute an alternative to improve the microbial viability not only during storage but also upper gastrointestinal tract passage. Here we review the main dehydration techniques that are applied in the industry as well as the potential stresses associated with the desiccation process and storage. Finally, low- or intermediate-moisture food matrices suitable as carriers of traditional as well as NGPs will be discussed.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FEMS microbiology letters
ISSN: 1574-6968
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Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...


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