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Optimising infliximab induction dosing for patients with ulcerative colitis.

07:00 EST 11th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Optimising infliximab induction dosing for patients with ulcerative colitis."

Therapeutic failure of infliximab therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis remains a challenge even two decades after its approval. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) has shown value during maintenance therapy, but induction therapy is still unexplored. The patients may be primary nonresponders or underexposed with the standard dosing regimen. We aimed to (i) develop a population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (popPK-PD) model, (ii) identify the best exposure metric that predicts mucosal healing and (iii) build an exposure-response (ER) model to demonstrate model-based dose finding during induction therapy with infliximab.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: British journal of clinical pharmacology
ISSN: 1365-2125
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A surgical procedure involving the excision of the COLON and RECTUM and the formation of an ILEOANAL RESERVOIR (pouch). In patients with intestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, this procedure avoids the need for an OSTOMY by allowing for transanal defecation.

Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.

Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.

An acute form of MEGACOLON, severe pathological dilatation of the COLON. It is associated with clinical conditions such as ULCERATIVE COLITIS; CROHN DISEASE; AMEBIC DYSENTERY; or CLOSTRIDIUM ENTEROCOLITIS.

A humanized monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to TNF-ALPHA and blocks its interaction with endogenous TNF RECEPTORS to modulate INFLAMMATION. It is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS; CROHN'S DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.

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