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Minimally Invasive coronary surgery compared to STernotomy coronary artery bypass grafting: The MIST trial.

07:00 EST 8th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Minimally Invasive coronary surgery compared to STernotomy coronary artery bypass grafting: The MIST trial."

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has emerged as a safe alternative to standard cardiac surgery. Minimally invasive coronary surgery (MICS CABG) was developed to allow adequate exposure and complete revascularization in CABG from a small thoracotomy incision without cardiopulmonary bypass. Multiple studies have reported significantly shorter length of hospital stay and earlier postoperative physical recovery for MICS CABG patients when compared to sternotomy CABG patients. However, there have been no convincing clinical trials that demonstrate improvement in post-operative quality of life for patients who undergo MICS CABG.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Contemporary clinical trials
ISSN: 1559-2030
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.

Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).

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