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Subcutaneous dexmedetomidine for baclofen withdrawal during palliative sedation.

07:00 EST 12th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Subcutaneous dexmedetomidine for baclofen withdrawal during palliative sedation."

Sudden cessation of baclofen can produce a withdrawal syndrome even if it was previously orally administered. We present the case of a man who exhibited signs of baclofen withdrawal syndrome during palliative sedation. Attempts were made to induce muscle relaxation with ever-increasing doses of benzodiazepine. Ultimately, control over the withdrawal syndrome was regained by using a continuous subcutaneous infusion (CSCI) of dexmedetomidine, a highly selective α adrenergic agonist. Very limited published reports concerning CSCI of dexmedetomidine exist. To our knowledge, this is the first case to report its use as an adjunctive agent to treat baclofen withdrawal syndrome through the subcutaneous route in the palliative care setting.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: BMJ supportive & palliative care
ISSN: 2045-4368
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.

A nursing specialty concerned with care of patients facing serious or life-threatening illnesses. The goal of palliative nursing is to prevent and relieve suffering, and to support the best possible quality of life for patients and their families. Hospice nursing is palliative care for people in their final stages of life.

Presence of air or gas in the subcutaneous tissues of the body.

The uptake of substances via the SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.

Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.

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