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Effects of a brief pain and smoking cessation intervention in adults with chronic pain: A randomized controlled trial.

07:00 EST 28th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of a brief pain and smoking cessation intervention in adults with chronic pain: A randomized controlled trial."

Tobacco cigarette smokers with comorbid chronic pain experience greater difficulty quitting smoking relative to those without chronic pain. A brief smoking cessation intervention was developed to address smoking in the context of chronic pain to increase the intention to engage in smoking cessation treatment. The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effects of a brief pain and smoking (BPS) cessation intervention on the willingness to consider quitting smoking in adults with chronic pain seeking treatment in a pain specialty outpatient clinic. Subjects randomized to the BPS intervention were 7.5 times more likely to endorse willingness to consider quitting smoking. Subjects who received the BPS intervention were also greater than 2.5 times more likely to report an interest in learning about cessation programs, and nearly 5 times more likely to endorse willingness to consider participating in an intensive smoking cessation program. Moreover, subjects who received the BPS intervention evinced a trend-level reduction in perceived difficulty of quitting smoking. These results contribute to a growing multidisciplinary literature examining pain-smoking interrelations and suggest that smokers with chronic pain may become more willing to consider engaging a cessation attempt as awareness increases about how continued smoking may interfere with the clinical outcomes of pain treatment. These results are also consistent with clinical practice guidelines for promoting intention to quit among smokers currently unwilling to engage a quit attempt by incorporating strategies aimed at identifying ambivalence about the continued use of tobacco.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Addictive behaviors
ISSN: 1873-6327
Pages: 173-179

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.

Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.

A benzazepine derivative that functions as an ALPHA4/BETA2 NICOTINIC RECEPTOR partial agonist. It is used for SMOKING CESSATION.

A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment.

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