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The analysis of trace carbonyls including aldehydes and ketones is important for monitoring environmental air quality, determining toxicity of aerosol of electronic cigarette, and detecting diseases by breath analysis. This work reports investigation of a single microreactor chip with HClO-acidified DNPH coating for capture and analysis of carbonyls in air and exhaled breath. Three aldehydes and three ketones were spiked into one liter synthetic air in Tedlar bags serving as gaseous carbonyl standard for characterization of capture efficiency (CE). The HClO-acidified DNPH showed higher CE of carbonyls than conventionally-used acid including HPO and HSO acidified DNPH under the microreactor conditions. The microreactor conditions including HClO to DNPH molar ratio, DNPH to carbonyls molar ratio, and gaseous sample flow rate through the microreactor were studied in detail and thereby optimized. Under the optimized conditions, 100% of CEs for aldehydes and above 80% for ketones were obtained. The microreactor chips were applied to determine acetone concentration in exhaled breath.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
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Specialized regions of the cell membrane composed of pits coated with a bristle covering made of the protein CLATHRIN. These pits are the entry route for macromolecules bound by cell surface receptors. The pits are then internalized into the cytoplasm to form the COATED VESICLES.
TRANSPORT VESICLES formed when cell-membrane coated pits (COATED PITS, CELL-MEMBRANE) invaginate and pinch off. The outer surface of these vesicles is covered with a lattice-like network of COP (coat protein complex) proteins, either COPI or COPII. COPI coated vesicles transport backwards from the cisternae of the GOLGI APPARATUS to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH), while COPII coated vesicles transport forward from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus.
Vesicles formed when cell-membrane coated pits (COATED PITS, CELL-MEMBRANE) invaginate and pinch off. The outer surface of these vesicles is covered with a lattice-like network of the protein CLATHRIN. Shortly after formation, however, the clathrin coat is removed and the vesicles are referred to as ENDOSOMES.
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