Is propofol the optimal sedative in gastrointestinal endoscopy?

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Summary of "Is propofol the optimal sedative in gastrointestinal endoscopy?"

Propofol is a sedative agent commonly used for sedation in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Its pharmacologic properties render propofol an almost ideal drug to achieve and maintain the targeted level of sedation in even complex gastrointestinal procedures. When compared with other sedative agents, propofol is associated with better patient and endoscopist satisfaction and shorter recovery times. Furthermore, propofol can be combined with other sedatives to reduce the total dosage required to achieve the targeted sedation. Its safety is demonstrated by multiple studies, in which adverse events occurred very rarely. Nevertheless, the use of propofol by non-anesthesiologists is illegal in many countries and in those permitted, a structured curriculum with clinical training must first be successfully completed. However, various studies have shown that non-anesthesiologist administration of propofol is comparable in efficacy and safety to administration by an anesthesiologist and more cost-effective. The results of numerous studies indicate that propofol is superior in many aspects compared with traditional sedative agents.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica
ISSN: 1784-3227
Pages: 520-524


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.

An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.

Rare and often fatal drug complication which affects patients undergoing long-term treatment with high doses of PROPOFOL. It is characterized by METABOLIC ACIDOSIS; HYPERLIPIDEMIA; RHABDOMYOLYSIS; cardiovascular CIRCULATORY COLLAPSE; CARDIAC FAILURE; and KIDNEY FAILURE.

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Non-invasive, endoscopic imaging by use of VIDEO CAPSULE ENDOSCOPES to perform examination of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the small bowel.

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