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Pregnant women and young infants are at increased risk for influenza-associated severe disease, complications and hospitalizations. In Greece influenza vaccination during pregnancy remains extremely low. We studied the knowledge about influenza and the adherence to the recommendations for influenza vaccination of pregnant women following an educational intervention in a large maternity hospital. A standardized questionnaire was used. A knowledge score was calculated for each woman. A total of 304 pregnant women were studied [mean age: 31.5 years (standard deviation (SD): 5.4 years), mean gestational age: 27.8 weeks (
9.6 weeks)]. Their mean knowledge score was 87%. Sixty pregnant women (19.5%) were vaccinated against influenza at a mean gestational age of 24.6 weeks (
7.5 weeks). Multiple regression analysis revealed that previous influenza vaccination and information about the need to get vaccinated were the only significant factors associated with an increased probability for influenza vaccination during pregnancy (47% versus 17% in women with and without a history of influenza vaccination in the past, respectively; odds ratio = 3.6; p-value = 0.016, and 32% versus 4% in women informed compared to those uninformed about the need for vaccination during pregnancy, respectively; odds ratio = 17.8; p-value<0.001). Seventy women provided a reason for refusing influenza vaccination. "Fear of adverse events" (for them or the fetus) was the prevalent reason for refusing influenza vaccination (19 women; 27%), followed by the statements "influenza vaccination is not necessary" (13; 18.5%) and "not at risk to get influenza" (9; 13%). In conclusion, an educational intervention was associated with an influenza vaccination rate of 19.5% among pregnant women compared to <2% the past years. In order to improve vaccine uptake by pregnant women and protect them and their babies, more intensified interventions should be explored.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics
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Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE comprising viruses similar to types A and B but less common, more stable, more homogeneous, and lacking the neuraminidase protein. They have not been associated with epidemics but may cause mild influenza. Influenza C virus is the type species.
A genus in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE causing influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. It contains many strains as well as antigenic subtypes of the integral membrane proteins hemagglutinin (HEMAGGLUTININS) and NEURAMINIDASE. The type species is INFLUENZA A VIRUS.
Influenza or 'flu' is a respiratory illness associated with infection by influenza virus. Symptoms frequently include headache, fever, cough, sore throat, aching muscles and joints. There is a wide spectrum of severity of illness ranging from min...
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A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...