Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Fungal contamination of surfaces is a global burden, posing a major environmental and public health challenge. A wide variety of antifungal chemical agents are available; however, the side effects of the use of these disinfectants often result in the generation of toxic residues raising major environmental concerns. Herein, atmospheric pressure air plasma generated by a surface barrier discharge (SBD) is presented as an innovative green chemical method for fungal inactivation, with the potential to become an effective replacement for conventional chemical disinfection agents, such as Virkon®. Using Aspergillus flavus spores as a target organism, a comparison of plasma based decontamination techniques is reported, highlighting their respective efficiencies and uncovering their underpining inactivation pathways. Tests were performed using both direct gaseous plasma treatment and an indirect treatment using a plasma activated aqueous broth solution (PAB). Concentrations of gaseous ozone and nitrogen oxides were determined with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Optical emission spectroscopy (OES), whereas hydrogen peroxides, nitrites, nitrates and pH were measured in PAB. It is demonstrated that direct exposure to the gaseous plasma effluent exhibited superior decontamination efficiency and eliminated spores more effectively than Virkon®, a finding attributed to the production of a wide variety of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species within plasma.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science & technology
Fungal spores are biological particles that are ubiquitous in the outdoor air. Spores of several very common fungal species are known allergens, with the potential to cause respiratory illnesses by ex...
Specific treatments combining high temperatures of up to 150 °C and moderate pressure of up to 0.6 MPa have been applied to Bacillus subtilis 168 spores conditioned at different a levels (between...
Organophosphorus-degrading enzymes show high hydrolysis efficiency and provide an environmentally friendly solution to the pollution of organophosphorus compound. However, poor enzyme stability and te...
Microfungal applications are increasing daily in the medical science. Several species of Trichoderma are widely used in agricultural fields as biological control and plant growth promoting agents. The...
Fungal diseases cause considerable damage to the economically important crops worldwide thus posing continuous threat to global food security. Management of these diseases is normally done via utiliza...
Fungal infections in immunocompromised patients occuring during construction activities in hospitals have repeatedly been reported. However, the question of a causal relation between cons...
Objective: To determine if platelets treated for pathogen inactivation and stored for 6 to 7 days are safe and effective compared to platelets collected by the same method, stored for the...
* Report the prevalence of fungal infections among patients with hematological malignancies in South Egypt Cancer Institute. * Detect the most endemic fungal pathogen isolated from patient...
This national Australian study will validate and implement an effective approach to real-time electronic surveillance of fungal infections in patients with blood cancers using technology b...
We hypothesize that Next-generation Sequencing (NGS) can identify fungal pathogens, is more accurate than other noninvasive options and can report fungal genomic load.
Inactivation of viruses by non-immune related techniques. They include extremes of pH, HEAT treatment, ultraviolet radiation, IONIZING RADIATION; DESICCATION; ANTISEPTICS; DISINFECTANTS; organic solvents, and DETERGENTS.
Antiprotozoal agent effective in trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and some fungal infections; used in treatment of PNEUMOCYSTIS pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. It may cause diabetes mellitus, central nervous system damage, and other toxic effects.
A microcomputer-based software package providing a user-friendly interface to the MEDLARS system of the National Library of Medicine.
Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).
Substances of fungal origin that have antigenic activity.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...