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Resistant starch (RS) is utilized by Gram-negative Bacteroidetes through a starch utilization system (Sus), which requires physical attachment of the bacteria to the substrate. Gram-positive Firmicutes, which include butyrate-producers, utilize RS by other mechanisms, such as amylosomes and secreted amylases/glucoamylases. We previously showed that fabricated RS [alginate-based starch-entrapped microspheres (SM)] increased butyrate in in vitro human fecal fermentation and was slow fermenting. We hypothesized that in vivo SM would disfavor Bacteroidetes and promote Firmicutes, leading to increase in butyrate production.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular nutrition & food research
Previous studies have identified shifts in gut microbiota associated with atypical antipsychotic (AAP) treatment, which may link AAPs to metabolic burden. Dietary prebiotics such as resistant starch m...
Resistant starch from Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) was prepared by debranching and subsequent recrystallization under isothermal and cycled temperature conditions. The granule morphology of the resistant s...
Barley starch citrate (BSC), a type IV resistant starch (RS) is associated with numerous health benefits when incorporated in bakery products. Physicochemical, pasting and rheological properties of th...
Resistant starches type 4 (RS4) are chemically modified starches that are resistant to digestion by human enzymes.
The hindgut microbiota of the horse is a complex structure which can be highly influenced by the diet or nutrients such as starch. For instance, a diet rich in starch promotes the growth of bacteria t...
The objective of this study is to determine the effect of wheat enriched in resistant starch (RS) on the generation of fermentation products by the lower gut microbes, the fecal microbiota...
The investigators will investigate the effects of an 8-week resistant starch (RS) supplementation (5 g twice a day) in patients with Parkinson Disease and matched controls on: 1. ...
This study will test the effects of resistant starch type 4 on blood sugar and hunger in adults with Type 2 diabetes.
This study tested the effects of resistant starch type 4 on blood sugar and hunger in young adults with Type 2 diabetes.
This study is to determine whether different types of resistant starch have different effects on blood glucose in healthy adults.
The mechanisms effecting establishment, maintenance, and modification of that specific physical conformation of CHROMATIN determining the transcriptional accessibility or inaccessibility of the DNA.
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
Transfer of GASTROINTESTINAL MICROBIOTA from one individual to another by infusion of donor FECES to the upper or lower GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of the recipient.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
Electrophoresis in which a starch gel (a mixture of amylose and amylopectin) is used as the diffusion medium.