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Studies towards the development of a PET radiotracer for imaging of the P2Y receptors in the brain: synthesis, F-labeling and preliminary biological evaluation.

07:00 EST 7th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Studies towards the development of a PET radiotracer for imaging of the P2Y receptors in the brain: synthesis, F-labeling and preliminary biological evaluation."

Purine nucleotides such as ATP and ADP are important extracellular signaling molecules in almost all tissues activating various subtypes of purinoreceptors. In the brain, the P2Y receptor (P2YR) subtype mediates trophic functions like differentiation and proliferation, and modulates fast synaptic transmission, both suggested to be affected in diseases of the central nervous system. Research on P2YR is limited because suitable brain-penetrating P2YR-selective tracers are not yet available. Here, we describe the first efforts to develop an F-labeled PET tracer based on the structure of the highly affine and selective, non-nucleotidic P2YR allosteric modulator 1-(2-[2-(tert-butyl)phenoxy]pyridin-3-yl)-3-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]urea (7). A small series of fluorinated compounds was developed by systematic modification of the p-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl, the urea and the 2-pyridyl subunits of the lead compound 7. Additionally, the p-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl subunit was substituted by carborane, a boron-rich cluster with potential applicability in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). By functional assays, the new fluorinated derivative 1-{2-[2-(tert-butyl)phenoxy]pyridin-3-yl}-3-[4-(2-fluoroethyl)phenyl]urea (18) was identified with a high P2YR antagonistic potency (IC = 10 nM). Compound [F]18 was radiosynthesized by using tetra-n-butyl ammonium [F]fluoride with high radiochemical purity, radiochemical yield and molar activities. Investigation of brain homogenates using hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) revealed [F]fluoride as major radiometabolite. Although [F]18 showed fast in vivo metabolization, the high potency and unique allosteric binding mode makes this class of compounds interesting for further optimizations and investigation of the theranostic potential as PET tracer and BNCT agent.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1768-3254
Pages: 142-159

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