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High-dose melphalan and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with AL amyloidosis and cardiac defibrillators.

07:00 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "High-dose melphalan and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with AL amyloidosis and cardiac defibrillators."

Cardiac deposition of misfolded light chains is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with immunoglobulin (AL) amyloidosis. Cardiac defibrillators can be used in the management of patients with advanced cardiac amyloidosis, but data concerning the use of these devices in patients undergoing treatment with high-dose melphalan followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (HDM/SCT) is limited. Herein we describe a single-institution experience of HDM/SCT in 15 patients with cardiac defibrillators. During the peri-transplant period, five of these patients (33%) had detectable cardiac arrhythmias and two patients (13%) had implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) discharges. Thirteen of the 14 evaluable patients (93%) achieved at least a partial hematologic response. Transplant-related mortality was 6.7% and median overall survival was 40.8 months, with multiple patients achieving an overall survival of >10 years. These data highlight the feasibility of HDM/SCT in patients with an ICD due to advanced cardiac AL amyloidosis, but highlight the need for additional research to appropriately determine which patients will benefit from this aggressive therapy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bone marrow transplantation
ISSN: 1476-5365
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

Methods of implanting a CELL NUCLEUS from a donor cell into an enucleated acceptor cell. Often the nucleus of a somatic cell is transferred into a recipient OVUM or stem cell (STEM CELLS) with the nucleus removed. This technology may provide means to generate autologous diploid pluripotent cell for therapeutic cloning, and a model for studying NUCLEAR REPROGRAMMING in embryonic stem cells. Nuclear transfer was first accomplished with frog eggs (RANA PIPIENS) and reported in 1952.

Hematopoietic stem cells found in peripheral blood circulation.

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