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FcγRIII stimulation breaks the tolerance of human nasal epithelial cells to bacteria through cross-talk with TLR4.

07:00 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "FcγRIII stimulation breaks the tolerance of human nasal epithelial cells to bacteria through cross-talk with TLR4."

The nasal cavity displays immune tolerance to commensal bacteria under homeostatic conditions, which is rapidly converted to a pro-inflammatory response upon infection. Yet, the factors that control this conversion are still largely unknown. Here, we provide evidence that Fc gamma receptor III (FcγRIII) stimulation breaks immune tolerance to bacteria in the human nasal cavity through activation of nasal epithelial cells, which are the first line of defense against invading microbes. While under steady-state conditions human nasal epithelial cells were completely non-responsive to Gram-negative bacteria P. aeruginosa or TLR4 ligand LPS, IgG opsonization of bacteria, as occurs upon infection, strongly induced production of pro-inflammatory agents such as IL-6 and IL-8. This breaking of tolerance to bacteria was completely dependent on FcγRIII, which amplified cytokine gene transcription through cross-talk with TLR4. In addition, we identified that epithelial cells from patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps do not display LPS tolerance, thereby providing an explanation for the disturbed host defense responses of these patients. Taken together, these data are the first to identify FcγR expression on nasal epithelial cells, as well as to identify its important role in controlling the balance between tolerance and inflammation in the nasal cavity.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Mucosal immunology
ISSN: 1935-3456
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The mucous lining of the NASAL CAVITY, including lining of the nostril (vestibule) and the OLFACTORY MUCOSA. Nasal mucosa consists of ciliated cells, GOBLET CELLS, brush cells, small granule cells, basal cells (STEM CELLS) and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.

A cell adhesion molecule that is expressed on the membranes of nearly all EPITHELIAL CELLS, especially at the junctions between intestinal epithelial cells and intraepithelial LYMPHOCYTES. It also is expressed on the surface of ADENOCARCINOMA and epithelial tumor cells. It may function in the MUCOSA through homophilic interactions to provide a barrier against infection. It also regulates the proliferation and differentiation of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.

Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.

Molecular sites on or in B-lymphocytes, follicular dendritic cells, lymphoid cells, and epithelial cells that recognize and combine with COMPLEMENT C3D. Human complement receptor 2 (CR2) serves as a receptor for both C3dg and the gp350/220 glycoprotein of HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN, and binds the monoclonal antibody OKB7, which blocks binding of both ligands to the receptor.

The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.

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