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Dehydroandrographolide inhibits IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions via calcium signaling pathway.

07:00 EST 23rd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dehydroandrographolide inhibits IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions via calcium signaling pathway."

The classical mast cells degranulation pathway is mediated by FcεRI aggregation and varies in strength among subjects. Dehydroandrographolide (DA) is one of principal components of Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees (family: Acanthaceae) and considered the main contributors of its therapeutic properties, such as anti-tumor. In this study, inhibition of IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions and anti-inflammatory potential of DA were investigated. The anti-anaphylactic activity of DA was investigated using skin swelling and extravasation assays in vivo and mast cell degranulation assay in vitro. The release of cytokines was measured using ELISA kits. Human Phospho-Kinase Array kit and western blotting were used to explore the related molecular signaling pathways. DA inhibited IgE-mediated mast cell activation, including degranulation and release of cytokines in vitro. Moreover, DA reduced the degree of swelling and Evans blue exudation of mice paw in a dose-dependent manner by inhibiting mast cell degranulation. DA obviously reduced the concentrations of histamine, TNF-α, MCP-1, IL-8, IL-13, and IL-4 in mice serum and inhibited IgE-mediated anaphylactic reactions as a potential P-PLCγ inhibitor. Our study reveals that DA can inhibit allergic responses in vivo and in vitro, and it may be regarded as a novel P-PLCγ inhibitor for preventing mast cell-immediate and delayed allergic diseases.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Toxicology and applied pharmacology
ISSN: 1096-0333
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activa

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Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.

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