The Possible Intermediacy of Cyclopropane Complexes in the Isomerization of Aliphatic Amine Radical Cations.

07:00 EST 30th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Possible Intermediacy of Cyclopropane Complexes in the Isomerization of Aliphatic Amine Radical Cations."

The isomerization of aliphatic amine radical cations via intermediate [cyclopropane-NH 3 ] +. and [cyclopropane-amine] +. ion- neutral complexes was studied experimentally with double-focusing mass spectrometers and computationally with composite ab initio methods. The results examine and extend Audier's suggestion that primary amine radical cations with alkyl substituents at the β- and/or γ- carbon atoms isomerize via transient complexes of NH 3 and alkyl cyclopropanes; these are formed by ring closure of the easily accessible γ-distonic isomers. Ionized amines with substituents at the α-carbon may react analogously when trialkyl cyclopropane complexes can be formed. Isomerization via complex intermediates is a major reaction pathway when the internal energy of the amine radical cation is less than that required for simple CC-bond cleavage. Complexes of unsubstituted or monosubstituted ionized cyclopropanes rarely contribute to the isomerization reactions. Secondary and tertiary amine radical cations do not undergo isomerization via cyclopropane intermediates, whereas aliphatic ether radical cations do.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of physical chemistry. A
ISSN: 1520-5215


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