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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Discharge to Rehabilitation Following Burn Injury.

07:00 EST 29th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Discharge to Rehabilitation Following Burn Injury."

Racial and ethnic disparities in access to inpatient rehabilitation have been previously described for various injury groups; however, no studies have evaluated whether such disparities exist among burn patients. Their aim was to determine if racial disparities in discharge destination (inpatient rehabilitation, skilled nursing facility, home with home health, or home) following burn injury existed in this single-institution study. A retrospective analysis of all adult burn patients admitted to UNC Jaycee Burn Center from 2002 to 2012 was conducted. Patient characteristics included age, gender, burn mechanism, insurance status, percentage total body surface area (%TBSA) burned, presence of inhalation injury, and hospital length of stay. Patients were categorized into one of three mutually exclusive racial or ethnic groups: White, Hispanic, or Black. Propensity score weighting followed by ordered logistic regression was performed in the analytical sample and in a subgroup analysis of patients with severe burns (TBSA > 20%). For analysis, 4198 patients were included: 2661 White, 340 Hispanic, and 1197 Black. Propensity weighting resulted in covariate balance among racial groups. Black patients (
OR:
1.58, 95%
CI:
1.23-2.03; P < .001) were more likely than Whites to be discharged to a higher level of rehabilitation, whereas Hispanics were less likely (
OR:
0.78, 95%
CI:
0.38-1.58; P = .448). In their subgroup analysis, Black (
OR:
1.88, 95%
CI:
1.07-3.28; P = .026) and Hispanic (
OR:
1.53, 95%
CI:
0.31-7.51; P = .603) patients were more likely to discharge to a higher level of rehabilitation than White patients. Racial and ethnic disparities in discharge destination to a higher level of rehabilitative services among burn-injured patients exist particularly for Hispanic patients but not for Black or White burn patient groups. Further studies are needed to elucidate the potential sources of these disparities specifically for Hispanic patients.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
ISSN: 1559-0488
Pages:

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