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In the event of a mass casualty radiation scenario, biodosimetry has the potential to quantify individual exposures for triaging and providing dose-appropriate medical intervention. Structural maintenance of chromosomes 1 (SMC1) is phosphorylated in response to ionizing radiation. The goal of this study was to develop a new biodosimetry method using SMC1 phosphorylation as a measure of exposure to radiation. In the initial experiments, two normal human cell lines (WI-38VA-13 and HaCaT) and four lymphoblastoid cell lines were irradiated, and the levels of SMC1 phosphorylation at Ser-360 and Ser-957 were assessed using Western blotting. Subsequently, similar experiments were performed using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from 20 healthy adults. Phosphorylation of SMC1 at Ser-957 and Ser-360 was increased by exposure in a dose-dependent manner, peaked at 1-3 h postirradiation and then decreased gradually. Ser-360 was identified as a new phosphorylation site and was more sensitive to radiation than Ser-957, especially at doses below 1 Gy. Our results demonstrate a robust ex vivo response of phospho-SMC1-(Ser-360) to ionizing radiation in human PBMCs. Detection of phosphorylation at Ser-360 in SMC1 could be used as a marker of radiation exposure. Our findings suggest that it is feasible to measure blood cell-based changes in the phosphorylation level of a protein as an ex vivo radiation exposure detection method, even after low-dose exposure.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Radiation research
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A dsRNA-activated cAMP-independent protein serine/threonine kinase that is induced by interferon. In the presence of dsRNA and ATP, the kinase autophosphorylates on several serine and threonine residues. The phosphorylated enzyme catalyzes the phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of EUKARYOTIC INITIATION FACTOR-2, leading to the inhibition of protein synthesis.
Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
A cytoplasmic serine threonine kinase involved in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION and CELLULAR PROLIFERATION. Overexpression of this enzyme has been shown to promote PHOSPHORYLATION of BCL-2 PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS and chemoresistance in human acute leukemia cells.
Leukemia produced by exposure to IONIZING RADIATION or NON-IONIZING RADIATION.