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Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are members of an important class of pattern recognition receptors in insects that can specifically recognize peptidoglycan (PGN) in bacterial cell walls and participate in immune regulation and bacterial clearance. Although the role of PGRPs in regulating the innate immune response in Drosophila melanogaster has been studied, little is known regarding PGRPs in Lepidoptera species. In this study, five short (S)-type Bombyx mori PGRPs (BmPGRPs) were cloned, expressed, and evaluated for their function in innate immunity. B. mori larvae that were injected with the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus megaterium or the gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli exhibited a rapid and significant upregulation in S-type BmPGRP expression. The results showed that the five evaluated BmPGRPs have significant agglutination activity toward E. coli and B. megaterium and more notable amidase activity toward meso-diaminopimelic acid peptidoglycan (DAP-PGN). Furthermore, only in the presence of BmPGRP-S5 did B. mori larval hemocytes exhibit significant phagocytosis against E. coli and B. megaterium.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Developmental and comparative immunology
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are a family of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) involved in host antibacterial responses, and their functions have been characterized in most invertebra...
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In Drosophila, it is thought that peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) SA and LC structurally discriminate between bacterial peptidoglycans with lysine (Lys) or diaminopimelic (DAP) acid, respec...
Insects, which lack the adaptive immune system, have developed sophisticated innate immune system consisting of humoral and cellular immune responses to defend against invading microorganisms. Non-sel...
The peptidoglycan fragments -D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelic acid (iE-DAP) and muramyl-dipeptide (MDP) are microbial-specific metabolites that activate intracellular pattern recognition receptors an...
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