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Gastric cancer prognoses are persistently poor due to cancer's penchant to metastasize. As a crucial regulator of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) signaling, sirtuin 1's (SIRT1) function in gastric cancer has not been well understood. Here, we report upregulated expression of SIRT1 in tissues isolated from gastric cancer patients. However, we show that the depletion of SIRT1-mediated enhanced cancer cell proliferation and metastasis, and resulted in the enrichment of phosphorylated STAT3, acetylated STAT3, and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. Additionally, we demonstrate that small interfering RNAs targeting the production of STAT3, AG490, and CL-821983 in cancer cells depleted of SIRT1 reduce metastasis. Our findings indicate that MMP-13 expression is associated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival outcomes in gastric cancer patients. In vivo models also showed that depleted SIRT1 promoted gastric cancer growth via the STAT3/MMP-13 axis. In conclusion, SIRT1 depletion encourages gastric cancer progression through the activation of STAT3/MMP-13 signaling, suggesting that SIRT1 may function as a tumor suppressor. We postulate that the upregulation of SIRT1 in gastric cancer patients may be the result of a feedback mechanism that aims to oppose the damaging effects of STAT3 signaling. As such, SIRT1 activators could potentially serve as preventive and therapeutic treatments for metastatic gastric cancer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cellular physiology
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A Wnt protein and ligand for FRIZZLED RECEPTORS that may function as an inhibitor or activator of the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY. For example, it activates signaling in the presence of Frizzled-4 but is inhibitory when coupled with ROR2 TYROSINE KINASE. It is required for axis formation during EMBRYOGENESIS and inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasiveness of cancer cells.
That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
A signal transducer and activator of transcription that mediates cellular responses to INTERLEUKIN-6 family members. STAT3 is constitutively activated in a variety of TUMORS and is a major downstream transducer for the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130.
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