Structural features of STIM and Orai underlying store-operated calcium entry.

07:00 EST 1st February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Structural features of STIM and Orai underlying store-operated calcium entry."

Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) through Orai channels is triggered by receptor-stimulated depletion of Ca from the ER. Orai1 is unique in terms of its activation mechanism, biophysical properties, and structure, and its precise regulation is essential for human health. Recent studies have begun to reveal the structural basis of the major steps in the SOCE pathway and how the system is reliably suppressed in resting cells but able to respond robustly to ER Ca depletion. In this review, we discuss current models describing the activation of ER Ca sensor STIM1, its binding to Orai1, propagation of the binding signal from the channel periphery to the central pore, and the resulting conformational changes underlying opening of the highly Ca selective Orai1 channel.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current opinion in cell biology
ISSN: 1879-0410
Pages: 90-98


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