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Glycogen is a primary metabolic reserve in bivalves and can be suitable for the evaluation of bivalve condition and health status, but the use of glycogen as a diagnostic tool in aquaculture and biomonitoring is still relatively rare. A tissue biopsy combined with a simplified phenol-sulfuric acid method was used in this study to evaluate the inter- and intraindividual variation in the glycogen concentrations among several tissues (foot, mantle, gills, adductor muscle) of the unionid bivalve, the duck mussel Anodonta anatina. This short report documents that individual bivalves differ in the spatial distribution of glycogen among tissues. Sampling of different types of tissues can cause distinct results in the evaluation of energetic reserves at the individual level. At the same time, spatial variability in glycogen content has the potential to provide a more detailed evaluation of physiological conditions based on tissue-specific glycogen storage. The results obtained and the simplified methodology provide a new opportunity for researching the energetic reserves and health status of freshwater mussels in various applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of aquatic animal health
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Glycogen, is the storage form of glucose. It is usually formed from sugar and stored in the liver. When tissues, such as muscle, need glucose for fuel the stored glycogen is converted in...
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Pompe disease (also known as glycogen storage disease type II, "GSD-II") is caused by a deficiency of a critical enzyme in the body called acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Normally, GAA is us...
Pompe disease (also known as glycogen storage disease Type II) is caused by a deficiency of a critical enzyme in the body called acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Normally, GAA is used by the ...
GSD-II (also known as Pompe disease) is caused by a deficiency of a critical enzyme in the body called acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Normally, GAA is used by the body's cells to break down...
An isoenzyme of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE that catalyzes the degradation of GLYCOGEN in liver tissue. Mutation of the gene coding this enzyme on chromosome 14 is the cause of GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE VI.
An isoenzyme of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE that catalyzes the degradation of GLYCOGEN in muscle. Mutation of the gene coding this enzyme is the cause of McArdle disease (GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE V).
A glycogen synthase kinase that was originally described as a key enzyme involved in glycogen metabolism. It regulates a diverse array of functions such as CELL DIVISION, microtubule function and APOPTOSIS.
An isoenzyme of GLYCOGEN PHOSPHORYLASE that catalyzes the degradation of GLYCOGEN in brain tissue.
A group of inherited metabolic disorders involving the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of glycogen. In some patients, prominent liver involvement is presented. In others, more generalized storage of glycogen occurs, sometimes with prominent cardiac involvement.
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