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In this study, thermochemical degradation of furfural by sulfate radical has been investigated to find the best-operating conditions. For this purpose, the response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was applied to optimize the five independent variables of thermally activated persulfate (TAP)/nZVI oxidation process including pH, PS concentration, furfural concentration, nZVI dosage, and heat. The ANOVA results ("P > F value" < 0.0001 and [Formula: see text] = 0.9701) showed the obtained quadratic model is acceptable to predict furfural removal. Based on the reduced quadratic model PS concentration, nZVI dosage, and heat revealed the positive effects on removal efficiency, while pH and furfural concentration had a negative effect. Accordingly, 98.4% of furfural could be removed within 60 min of reaction under the optimum conditions: pH 5.26, PS concentration of 20.52 mM, furfural concentration of 84.32 mg/L, nZVI dosage of 1.15 mg/L, and a temperature of 79 °C. In such circumstances, the furfural removal efficiency for TAP, PS/nZVI, PS, and nZVI was 94.5, 9, 3, and 2%, respectively. Therefore, based on the synergy index (SI) values, the combination of PS, nZVI, and heat can lead to a synergistic effect in the performance of the thermochemical process.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
In the present study, thermochemical mechanisms are proposed for the decomposition of nitroguanidine (NQ) in aqueous solution. Minnesota density functional M06-2X was employed in depicting the pathway...
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Terpene-derived acids formed through the atmospheric gas-phase oxidation of terpenes are able to efficiently undergo a phase transfer into the aqueous phase. The subsequent aqueous-phase oxidation of ...
Up to now, FMN/FAD radicals could not be stabilized in aqueous solution or other protic solvents, because of rapid and efficient dismutation reactions. In this contribution, a novel system for stabili...
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Determine the pharmacokinetics and optimize study design for subsequent studies with morphine sulfate tablets and solution.
The purpose of this study is to assay human aqueous for bimatoprost and the presence of any metabolites, especially prostaglandin analogs. Hypothesis:Bimatoprost is not metabolized to a pr...
The aims of the present study is to compare oral sulfate solution (OSS) with low-dose polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (2-L PEG/Asc) for bowel cleansing efficacy.
The purpose of this study is to obtain and assay human aqueous samples following pre-operative dosing with 0.1% Brimonidine Purite™ (pH 7.8) or with 0.15% Brimonidine Purite® (pH 7.2) f...
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 18.104.22.168.
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 22.214.171.124.
A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.