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Development of emulgels formulated with sweet fennel oil and rhamsan gum, a biological macromolecule produced by Sphingomonas.

07:00 EST 2nd February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Development of emulgels formulated with sweet fennel oil and rhamsan gum, a biological macromolecule produced by Sphingomonas."

In this work, a current application of rhamsan gum, a biological macromolecule which belongs to the sphingans group, as an efficient stabilizer of emulsions and emulgels is investigated. The main objective of this investigation was 1) to study the influence of glycerol and sweet fennel oil concentration on microfluidized emulsion properties; and 2) to develop stable emulgels stabilized with rhamsan gum. The emulsions and emulgels were characterized by droplet size, rheological properties, physical stability and microstructure. An analysis by surface response methodology of the results obtained revealed that essential oil concentration was the most determining factor affecting emulsion mean droplet sizes and rheological properties. An optimal emulsion with minimum d was obtained for the sample formulated with 10 wt% sweet fennel oil and 0 wt% glycerol. However, all of these emulsions suffered destabilization by creaming. The results of the rheological characterization of emulsions formulated with the biological macromolecule showed that the addition of 0.2 wt% of rhamsan gum allows an emulgel with enhanced physical stability to be obtained. Thus, we provide valuable information concerning the use of rhamsan gum as emulsion stabilizer and the development of stable emulsions and emulgels for use in the food industry.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. The name is similar to giant fennel (FERULA), true fennel (FOENICULUM), and dog fennel (ANTHEMIS).

A plant genus of the family APIACEAE. It contains pungent oils and resins. It is used to flavor curries, as a carminative, and as cat and dog repellent. The occasionally used common name of 'giant fennel' should not be confused with true fennel (FOENICULUM).

A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories applicable to MOLECULAR BIOLOGY and areas of computer-based techniques for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.

A plant species of the genus IPOMOEA, family CONVOLVULACEAE. Some cultivars are sweet and edible whereas bitter varieties are a source of SAPONINS. This sweet potato is sometimes referred to as a yam (DIOSCOREA).

Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.

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