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The blowfly Lucilia cuprina has great medico-sanitary and veterinary importance due to the ability of its larval form to develop in decaying organic matter, parasitizing vertebrates. Fly eradication is challenging and the essential oil (EO) of Tagetes minuta (TMEO) have been reported to have therapeutic properties. This study aimed to determine the activity of EO from the aerial parts of T. minuta against third instar larvae (L3) of L. cuprina. Groups of 20 L3 were placed on filter paper, which were impregnated with varying concentrations (0.19; 0.39; 0.79; 1.59; 2.38; 3.18; 4.77; and 6.36 μL/cm) of TMEO solubilized in acetone, ethanol or Tween 20. Histological tissue damage of TMEO was measured in L3 after 24, 48 and 96 h of exposure. Dihydrotagetone (67.64%), trans-ocimene (16.23%), trans-tagetone (10.14%) and verbenone (2.98%) were obtained as major compounds of TMEO. Lethal concentrations of 50%, 24 and 48 h after TMEO exposure were 1.02 and 0.73 μL/cm for acetone; 3.37 and 1.75 μL/cm for ethanol; and 7.46 and 6.11 μL/cm for Tween 20, respectively. TMEO had a significant L3 mortality of 96.6% in acetone, 48 h after contact. Cuticle abnormalities were observed, as well as the loss of digestive tract architecture and vacuolization in fat bodies. TMEO presented time and concentration-dependent effects against L. cuprina. As our study demonstrated a strong insecticide activity of TMEO, we consider that it could be developed into an ecofriendly product against L. cuprina.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental parasitology
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A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain CAROTENOIDS, essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE), flavonoids, mucilage, SAPONINS, and STEROLS. The plants are used both topically and internally. The common name of Marigold is also used for TAGETES.
An increased sensation to painful stimuli that may follow damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve. Hyperalgesia can occur both at the site of tissue damage (primary hyperalgesia) and in the surrounding undamaged areas (secondary hyperalgesia). (Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p386)
One of several basic proteins released from EOSINOPHIL cytoplasmic granules. Eosinophil major basic protein is a 14-kDa cytotoxic peptide with a pI of 10.9. In addition to its direct cytotoxic effects, it stimulates the release of variety of INFLAMMATION MEDIATORS.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.