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NSAIDs may prevent Alzheimer's disease (AD) but have failed as a treatment, possibly because only 1-2% of an oral NSAID dose reaches the brain. This minuscule dose is enough to have a preventative effect on Alzheimer's disease but not to treat it. We propose a new route of administration for drugs to treat
transspinal delivery by transdermal patch over the back-of-neck/cervical spine. The drug would diffuse from the patch through the intervertebral spaces, penetrate the dura, enter the CSF, and reach the brain. For example, diclofenac from a transdermal patch over the back of neck should readily penetrate the dura mater to reach the CSF and brain; since the analgesic ziconotide, and antisense molecules for treating spinal muscular atrophy in children and Huntington's disease, are delivered intrathecally and readily enter the brain. In addition to NSAIDs, an anticancer drug, paclitaxel, has considerable potential as an AD treatment. Paclitaxel is administered IV. But the blood-brain penetration of paclitaxel is poor and paclitaxel has systemic side effects such as anemia, leukopenia, peripheral neuropathy, etc. A high dose of paclitaxel might be administered to the brain by transdermal patch over the back of the neck/cervical spine while avoiding the systemic side effects. A transdermal patch over the cervical spine could revolutionize the drug therapy of AD, and probably other neurodegenerative/neuropsychiatric diseases as well.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Discovery medicine
Current technologies for managing acute and chronic pain have focused on reducing the time required for achieving high therapeutic efficiency. Herein a wearable transdermal patch is introduced, employ...
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This study will use two doses of rivastigmine transdermal patch (5cm2, 10cm2) to establish the feasibility of 2 switch schedules (with transdermal patch one-step dose titration or without ...
This study will assess the efficacy of a higher dose of rivastigmine patch (15 cm2) compared to a lower dose of the rivastigmine patch (5 cm2), in patients with severe dementia of the Alzh...
This study will evaluate compliance, tolerability, safety, efficacy and caregiver burden of rivastigmine patch 10 cm² treatment in people with Alzheimer's disease (MMSE 10-26) initiating ...
A Multinational, Multi-center, Randomized, Double-blind, Active Comparator, Phase III Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Donepezil Transdermal Patch in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of donepezil transdermal patch in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease. The primary objective is to demons...
The goal of this research study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the rivastigmine transdermal patch in patients with probable Alzheimer's Disease.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
A prenatal ultrasonic measurement of the thickness or translucent area below the SKIN in the back of the fetal NECK, or nape of the neck, during the first 11-14 weeks of gestation (PREGNANCY TRIMESTER, FIRST). Abnormal thickness or nuchal translucent measurements resulting from fluid collection, is associated with increased risks of CHROMOSOME ABNORMALITIES. (Nicolaides et al., 1992)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...