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Synovial fluid alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone may act as a protective biomarker for primary knee osteoarthritis.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Synovial fluid alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone may act as a protective biomarker for primary knee osteoarthritis."

The current study was carried out to investigate the serum and synovial fluid (SF) alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) levels in correlation with disease severity in primary knee osteoarthritis (OA).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Discovery medicine
ISSN: 1944-7930
Pages: 17-26

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.

A hypothalamic tripeptide, enzymatic degradation product of OXYTOCIN, that inhibits the release of MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES.

A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.

Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.

The beta subunit of follicle stimulating hormone. It is a 15-kDa glycopolypeptide. Full biological activity of FSH requires the non-covalently bound heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit. Mutation of the FSHB gene causes delayed puberty, or infertility.

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