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The aim of this study was to determine the 3-month efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention promoting condom use for anal and oral sex among HIV-uninfected Black young men who have sex with men (YBMSM). A pre-post test randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted from 2012 to 2015 using a 3-month period of observation. Recruitment and assessment occurred in sexually transmissible infection (STI) clinics. Men were randomised to either the intervention condition (n=142) or a standard-of-care control condition (n=135). The experimental condition comprised a single session of a one-to-one program designed for use in STI clinics. YBMSM completed both baseline and 3-month follow-up assessments. Outcomes measures were condomless anal insertive sex, condomless anal receptive sex and condomless oral sex. Among men receiving the intervention, 11.2% (n=15) reported any condomless anal insertive sex at follow-up, compared with 20.6% (n=27) among controls (rate ratio=0.54, P=0.04). In addition, 12.0% (n=17) of men receiving the intervention reported any condomless anal receptive sex at follow-up, compared with 21.6% (n=29) among controls (rate ratio=0.55, P=0.03). When combining insertive and receptive anal sex, 18.3% (n=26) of men receiving the intervention reported any condomless sex, compared with 31.1% (n=42) among controls (rate ratio=0.59, P=0.01). Furthermore, 45.8% (n=33) of men receiving the intervention reported any condomless oral sex at follow-up, compared with 63.2% (n=48) among controls (rate ratio=0.72, P=0.03). This analysis of data from a Phase 3 RCT suggests that a single session of a clinic-based behavioural intervention may effectively promote the consistent use of condoms for anal and oral sex among HIV-uninfected YBMSM. The single-session program may be a valuable counselling tool for use in conjunction with recommended quarterly clinic appointments for YBMSM using pre-exposure prophylaxis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Sexual health
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Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
Work that is the report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques based on a small number of healthy persons and conducted over the period of about a year in either the United States or a foreign country.
An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques based on several hundred volunteers, including a limited number of patients, and conducted over a period of about two years in either the United States or a foreign country.
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