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Chloroplast ultrastructure in plants.

07:00 EST 5th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chloroplast ultrastructure in plants."

The chloroplast organelle in mesophyll cells of higher plants represents a sunlight driven metabolic factory that eventually fuels life on our planet. Knowledge of the ultrastructure and the dynamics of this unique organelle is essential to understanding its function in an ever-changing and challenging environment. Recent technological developments promise unprecedent insights in the chloroplast architecture and its functionality. The review highlights these new methodical approaches and provides structural models based on recent findings about the plasticity of the thylakoid membrane system in response to different light regimes. Furthermore, the potential role of the lipid droplets plastoglobuli is discussed. It is emphasized that detailed structural insights are necessary on different levels ranging from molecules to entire membrane systems for a holistic understanding of chloroplast function. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Name: The New phytologist
ISSN: 1469-8137
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Those nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity which are located within the CHLOROPLAST DNA.

Blue-light receptors that regulate a range of physiological responses in PLANTS. Examples include: PHOTOTROPISM, light-induced stomatal opening, and CHLOROPLAST movements in response to changes in light intensity.

Proteins encoded by the CHLOROPLAST GENOME or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the CHOROPLASTS.

Proton-translocating ATPases which produce ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE in plants. They derive energy from light-driven reactions that develop high concentrations of protons within the membranous cisternae (THYLAKOIDS) of the CHLOROPLASTS.

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