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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cerebellar ataxia and retinal degeneration, is caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the ATXN7 gene coding region. Disease onset and progression are highly variable between patients, thus identification of specific/sensitive biomarkers that can improve the monitoring of disease progression is an immediate need. Because altered expression of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) has been shown in various neurological diseases, they could be useful biomarkers for SCA7. In this study, we showed, to our knowledge for the first time, the expression profile of circulating miRNAs in SCA7. Using the TaqMan profiling low density array (TLDA), we found 71 differentially expressed miRNAs in the plasma of SCA7 patients, compared with healthy controls. The reliability of TLDA data was validated independently by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in an independent cohort of patients and controls. We identified four validated miRNAs that possesses the diagnostic value to discriminate between healthy controls and patients (hsa-let-7a-5p, hsa-let7e-5p, hsa-miR-18a-5p, and hsa-miR-30b-5p). The target genes of these four miRNAs were significantly enriched in cellular processes that are relevant to central nervous system function, including Fas-mediated cell-death, heparansulfate biosynthesis, and soluble-N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor activating protein receptor pathways. Finally, we identify a signature of four miRNAs associated with disease severity that discriminate between early onset and adult onset, highlighting their potential utility to surveillance disease progression. In summary, circulating miRNAs might provide accessible biomarkers for disease stage and progression and help to identify novel cellular processes involved in SCA7.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular neurobiology
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), also known as Machado-Joseph disease, is the most common spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) worldwide. SCA3 presents with cerebellar ataxia in association with pyramida...
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is characterized by gait ataxia, dysarthria, nystagmus, epilepsy, reduced cognitive ability and depression, which lead to functional loss and behavioral changes....
More than 90 % of the human genome are transcribed as non-coding RNAs. While it is still under debate if all these non-coding transcripts are functional, there is emerging evidence that RNA has severa...
Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive degeneration of the cerebellum, brain stem, and spinal cord. SCA2 is caused by spontaneous misfolding...
Neurodegenerative diseases that affect the cerebellum, especially in elderly individuals, cause impairment of motor coordination and quality of life. The presente study evaluated the electromyographic...
The purpose of this research study is to investigate how the brain and motor behavior changes both in individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia and healthy individuals, and to assess whether...
The purpose of this study is verify the safety and efficacy of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells (UC-MSC) therapy for patients with Spinocerebellar Ataxia, and in addition, explo...
The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and blood of patients with spinocerebellar ataxias and healthy volunteers. The goal of this project i...
ATRIL is a multi-centric, double-blind randomized, two-arm controlled study. 42 SpinoCerebellar Ataxia type 2 (SCA2) patients, both gender, at least 18 years of age will be included. ...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of BHV-4157 versus placebo on ataxia symptoms in subjects with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA).
A dominantly-inherited ATAXIA first described in people of Azorean and Portuguese descent, and subsequently identified in Brazil, Japan, China, and Australia. This disorder is classified as one of the SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIAS (Type 3) and has been associated with a mutation of the MJD1 gene on chromosome 14. Clinical features include progressive ataxia, DYSARTHRIA, postural instability, nystagmus, eyelid retraction, and facial FASCICULATIONS. DYSTONIA is prominent in younger patients (referred to as Type I Machado-Joseph Disease). Type II features ataxia and ocular signs; Type III features MUSCULAR ATROPHY and a sensorimotor neuropathy; and Type IV features extrapyramidal signs combined with a sensorimotor neuropathy. (From Clin Neurosci 1995;3(1):17-22; Ann Neurol 1998 Mar;43(3):288-96)
MicroRNAs found in cell-free BODY FLUIDS such as SERUM; PLASMA; SALIVA; OR URINE.
Genetically heterogeneous and sometimes syndromic (e.g., BARDET BIEDL SYNDROME; and SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA TYPE 7) retinopathies with initial RETINAL CONE involvement. They are characterized by decreased VISUAL ACUITY; COLOR VISION DEFECTS; progressive loss of peripheral vision and night blindness.
An ataxin that is associated with the survival of cerebellar neurons. Expansion of the ATTCT pentanucleotide in the ATXN10 coding region is associated with SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 10.
A chromatin-binding factor that represses Notch signaling and associates with RNA. Expansion of the polyglutamine tract by expanded CAG repeats in the ATXN1 gene coding region is associated with SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 1.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...