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In case of mass radiological emergencies, new strategies involving biological and clinical endpoints are requested for an efficient triage classification of casualties. For this purpose, we developed a novel protocol combining the two most established cytogenetic methods used in biological dosimetry (dicentric and micronucleus assays) into a single one, in order to have a time-saving, inexpensive and potentially automatable instrument to be used for triage purposes in case of large-scale radiological events. This method could be considered as a 'three in one' assay allowing the simultaneous scoring of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei on a single slide, and also enabling to discriminate between metaphases in first and second cell division without the Fluorescence plus Giemsa staining. This method needs further validation through inter-comparisons involving biological dosimetry laboratories, to verify its reproducibility. Moreover, the possibility to apply the already existing software for automation for dicentric and micronucleus assays could be also verified.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Radiation protection dosimetry
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Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or agents of organic origin, usually obtained by biological methods or assay. They are used especially in diagnosis and treatment of disease (as vaccines or pollen extracts). Biological products are differentiated from BIOLOGICAL FACTORS in that the latter are compounds with biological or physiological activity made by living organisms. (From Webster's 3d ed)
Rapid methods of measuring the effects of an agent in a biological or chemical assay. The assay usually involves some form of automation or a way to conduct multiple assays at the same time using sample arrays.
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
A screening assay for circulating COMPLEMENT PROTEINS. Diluted SERUM samples are added to antibody-coated ERYTHROCYTES and the percentage of cell lysis is measured. The values are expressed by the so called CH50, in HEMOLYTIC COMPLEMENT units per milliliter, which is the dilution of serum required to lyse 50 percent of the erythrocytes in the assay.
Sensitive assay using radiolabeled ANTIGENS to detect specific ANTIBODIES in SERUM. The antigens are allowed to react with the serum and then precipitated using a special reagent such as PROTEIN A sepharose beads. The bound radiolabeled immunoprecipitate is then commonly analyzed by gel electrophoresis. Radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) is often used as a confirmatory test for diagnosing the presence of HIV ANTIBODIES.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...
Immunoassay - ELISA
Immunoassays are quick and accurate tests to detect specific molecules. Immunoassays rely on an antibody to bind to the specific structure of a molecule. Antibodies are proteins generated by animals in response to the invasion of a foreign molecule (anti...