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Proteasomal deubiquitinase UCH37 inhibits degradation of β-catenin and promotes cell proliferation and motility.

07:00 EST 6th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Proteasomal deubiquitinase UCH37 inhibits degradation of β-catenin and promotes cell proliferation and motility."

The ubiquitin-proteasome system degrades most cellular proteins in eukaryotes. UCH37, also known as UCH-L5, is a deubiquitinase binding to Rpn13, a receptor for ubiquitinated substrates in the 26 S proteasome. But, it remains unclear how UCH37 influences the proteasomal degradation of the ubiquitinated substrates. Because deletion of UCH37 is embryonically lethal in mice, this study aims to investigate the role of UCH37 in proteasomal degradation by constructing the UCH37-deficient cell lines using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Our results demonstrated that deletion of UCH37 decreased the levels of proteasomal Rpn13, implying that UCH37 might facilitate incorporation of Rpn13 into the proteasome. Meanwhile, deletion of UCH37 decreased the levels of β-catenin and the early endosomal protein Rab8. β-Catenin interacts with TCF/LEF to control transcription, and is involved in development, tissue homeostasis and tumorigenesis. We further found that deletion of UCH37 increased the levels of the ubiquitinated β-catenin and accelerated the hydrogen peroxide-stimulated degradation of β-catenin. Deletion of UCH37 also down-regulated the transcription of c-Myc, a downstream effector of β-catenin, and inhibited cell proliferation and motility. These results raise the possibility that UCH37 maintains the homeostasis of proteasomal degradation reciprocally by assisting the recruitment of the ubiquitin receptor Rpn13 into the proteasome and by reversing ubiquitination of certain critical substrates of the 26 S proteasome.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica
ISSN: 1745-7270
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.

A catenin that binds F-ACTIN and links the CYTOSKELETON with BETA CATENIN and GAMMA CATENIN.

A multi-functional catenin that is highly homologous to BETA CATENIN. Gamma catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It is also found in DESMOSOMES where it mediates the link between DESMOSOMAL CADHERINS and DESMOPLAKIN.

A specific complex of WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY proteins that mediates the phosphorylation-dependent destruction of cytosolic BETA-CATENIN. The complex is disrupted by cell surface binding of WNT PROTEINS, which allows beta-catenin levels to rise to the point where they migrate to the CELL NUCLEUS and activate transcription.

A family of F-box domain proteins that contain sequences that are homologous to the beta subunit of transducin (BETA-TRANSDUCIN). They play an important role in the protein degradation pathway by becoming components of SKP CULLIN F-BOX PROTEIN LIGASES, which selectively act on a subset of proteins including beta-catenin and IkappaBbeta.

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