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Chronic myeloid leukemia harboring T315I and F317L mutations successfully treated with interferon-α and ponatinib.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chronic myeloid leukemia harboring T315I and F317L mutations successfully treated with interferon-α and ponatinib."

Our patient was diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CP) when he was 40 years old. Although dasatinib (DAS) was prescribed during his clinical course, he was poorly compliant with the treatment. In November 20XX, at 65 years of age, he visited our hospital with leukocytosis. He was diagnosed with CML in CP and recommenced DAS at 50 mg/day, achieving a complete hematological response after 2 months. However, DAS was increased to 100 mg/day because only minimum cytogenetic response was evident even after 9 months, but CML progressed to the accelerated phase after 18 months. The ABL kinase domain mutations T315I and F317L were detected. Ponatinib (PON) was not yet approved, and he declined allogeneic stem cell transplantation therapy. He commenced interferon-α (IFN-α) in addition to DAS, and the F317L mutation (only) disappeared after 7 months; the patient achieved a major cytogenetic response. In January 20XX+4, he commenced PON monotherapy (the drug was approved by this time) and achieved a major molecular response after 8 months. The T315I mutation disappeared during PON therapy. Although IFN-α is rarely used in the treatment of CML, this case suggests that IFN-α should be re-considered in patients with CML who exhibit tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: [Rinsho ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
ISSN: 0485-1439
Pages: 33-38

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