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Irritable bowel syndrome is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder that greatly impacts on quality of life due to gastrointestinal complaints such as pain or altered stool habits. Based on the biopsychosocial model the severity of the disease is affected by the combination of physiological processes, social aspects and psychological factors. While treatment approaches mainly focused on the reduction of gut complaints by dietary means or medication, psychotherapy is becoming an alternative or additional approach with very good evidence, especially in light of associated psychiatric comorbidities (e. g. depression, anxiety disorder). Often psychiatric symptoms/comorbidities increase the probability of a complicated course of the disease with a reciprocal interaction of gut complaints and psychiatric symptoms. Behavioral therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, mindfulness interventions and other psychotherapeutic methods are used to increase coping as well as disease control and to restructure dysregulated cognitive processes. The current review focuses on psychosocial aspects of the irritable bowel syndrome and discusses the benefit of psychotherapeutic interventions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, medizinische Psychologie
The role of protease activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) in the pathogenesis of abdominal pain in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not well defined.
Fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome are common disorders which often coexist in women with chronic pelvic pain. Like pelvic pain, these disorders describe symptoms without pathologic findings. W...
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder with no organic cause. Risk factors are multifactorial and treatment typically consists of antimotility or stimulant laxatives and antid...
Diet appears to play a pivotal role in symptom generation in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). First line dietary therapy for IBS has focused on advice concerning healthy eating and lifestyle management...
Chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation are commonly encountered in ambulatory patients, but limited options exist for patients with persistent or severe symptom...
A study to evaluate the effectiveness of oral doses of Blautix in adult subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
This longitudinal study is being done to understand mechanisms underlying development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and the role of the gut bacteria in development of symptoms. This in...
The purpose of this study is to provide new information and to determine which kinds of brief, tolerable, experimental pain are affected by the drugs being studied in patients with irritab...
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of BMS-562086 on small bowel and colonic transits in female subjects with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS)
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A subspecies of Bifidobacterium longum that occurs in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of human infants and is used as a PROBIOTIC. It may also be used in the treatment of IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
A malabsorption syndrome resulting from extensive operative resection of the SMALL INTESTINE, the absorptive region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Adverse drug effects associated with CHOLINERGIC ANTAGONISTS. Clinical features include TACHYCARDIA; HYPERTHERMIA; MYDRIASIS, dry skin and dry mucous membranes, decreased bowel sounds and urinary retention in peripheral anticholinergic syndrome; and HALLUCINATIONS; PSYCHOSES; SEIZURES; and COMA in central anticholinergic syndrome.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common but poorly understood chronic (long-term) condition where the normal functions of the bowel are disrupted. Symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain or discomfort, changes in bowel habits and bloated feelings. ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...