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Psychosocial Care For Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Narrative Review.

07:00 EST 7th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Psychosocial Care For Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Narrative Review."

This narrative review gives a broad summary of the psychosocial strain in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and psychotherapeutic interventions addressing these issues. ALS is a fatal, rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disease, which leads to weakness and atrophy in almost all muscles of the body, resulting in impairment and finally inability in all domains of daily life including mobility, food intake, respiration or communication. In addition to these mainly motor impairments, most patients are also affected by severe cognitive-emotional and behavioral alterations and deficits which may lead to additional distress. Due to the severe symptomatology and poor diagnosis, ALS can lead to significant psychosocial strain including heightened levels of depressive and anxious symptomatology, hopelessness and even the wish for hastened death. A large body of research demonstrates the strong effect of psychosocial aspects on quality of life (QoL) in ALS patients. Nevertheless, research on psychotherapeutic interventions for patients with ALS is very sparse to date. Besides the general lack of interventions and the methodological limitations in testing their efficacy, few of these therapeutic concepts incorporate the palliative character and the specific symptomatology of the disease such as impaired communication or problems with emotion control. Further research on psychosocial interventions in this patient group is therefore urgently needed. Future research could aim to adapt therapy programs that already have been proven to be effective in other populations with advanced diseases. Such research should also test the applicability of the therapy models using alternative communication including computer with a voice synthesizer or brain-computer-interfaces.

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Name: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, medizinische Psychologie
ISSN: 1439-1058
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glutamate antagonist (RECEPTORS, GLUTAMATE) used as an anticonvulsant (ANTICONVULSANTS) and to prolong the survival of patients with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS.

A Poly(A) RNA-binding protein that negatively regulates EGFR ENDOCYTOSIS. An increased risk for developing AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS 13 is observed in patients who have more than 23 CAG repeats in the ATXN2 gene coding sequence. Larger CAG expansions in the ATXN2 gene occur in SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 2 patients.

A highly-conserved AAA ATPase that functions in the biogenesis of the transitional ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and fragmentation and reassembly of the GOLGI APPARATUS during MITOSIS. It also functions in a complex with UFD1L and NPLOC4 proteins to export misfolded ubiquitinated proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum and outer mitochondrial membrane to the cytoplasm for degradation by the PROTEASOME and also plays a role in AUTOPHAGY of ubiquitinated proteins. It occurs in neuronal INCLUSION BODIES from patients with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS and LEWY BODIES from PARKINSON DISEASE patients.

A superoxide dismutase (SOD1) that requires copper and zinc ions for its activity to destroy SUPEROXIDE FREE RADICALS within the CYTOPLASM. Mutations in the SOD1 gene are associated with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS-1.

Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)

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